Early Medieval Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP Art History > Early Medieval Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Early Medieval Vocab Deck (24):
1

Ambulatory

the passage around the apse in a basilican church or around the central space in a central-plan building

2

Basilica plan

a large rectangular building often with a clerestory and an apse

3

Blind arcades

engaged arches for decoration; not a passage

4

Bosses

decorative knob-like element

5

Miniscule

small case letters

6

Choir

between nave and sanctuary

7

Colophon

last page of a book, included data about the book (i.e. author and date)

8

Crossing

gives access to the nave on the west, the transept arms on the north and south, and the choir on the east.

9

Crypt

a stone chamber or vault beneath the floor of a burial vault possibly containing sarcophagi, coffins or relics.

10

Gallery

story above the side aisles of a church, usually open to and overlooking the nave

11

Gadrooning

decorative edging on metal or wood, typically formed by inverted flutings

12

Illumination

painting on paper or parchment used as illustration and decoration for manuscripts or albums

13

Impost blocks

a block made to concentrate the weight above, imposed between the capital of a column and the springing of an arch above

14

Martyrium

a church, chapel, or shrine built over the grave of a martyr or site of a miracle

15

Narthex

entrance porch (vestibule) of a church

16

Parchment

writing material made from treated animal skin

17

Picture stones

a medieval northern European memorial stone covered with figural decoration

18

Refectory

dining room in monastery

19

Reliquary

container, often made of precious materials, used as repository to protect and display sacred relics

20

Ribbon interlace

decorative element where bands are looped, braided, and knotted into complex geometric patterns

21

Rune stones

stone used as a commemorative monument, which is carved or inscribed by runes, a writing system used by early Germanic peoples

22

Transept

arm of a cruciform church, perpendicular to nave

23

Triumphal arch

archway with one or more arched passageways. Has two massive piers connected by arch and entablature. Decorated with carvings and reliefs.

24

Westwork

church entrance of combined narthex and chapel joined by tall, cylindrical stair towers