Chap 1-2 Flashcards Preview

AP Art History > Chap 1-2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 1-2 Deck (52):
1

Base

Any support (bottom)

2

Bitumen

An asphalt used as cement or mortar

3

Capital

Sculptured block that tops (top)

4

Citadel

Fortress

5

Column

Used for support and decoration

6

Cone mosaic

Surface decorated by pressing pieces of mosaic onto clay or plaster

7

Crenellation

Notched walls

8

Cuneiform

Ancient writing in the form of symbols, used by the Sumerians

9

Cylinder seals

Cylinder stone incised with pictures (stamp)

10

Filigree

Delicate, lacelike, ornamented work

11

Glazed

Film of colored glass over surface

12

Gold leaf

Paper thin sheets of hammered gold

13

Glutting

To fill

14

Hieratic scale

Size associated with importance

15

High relief

Sculpture extruding a lot from background

16

Incised

Being inscribed

17

Inlays

Set with materials on surface

18

Lost-wax casting

Hollow mold, wax flows out, etc

19

Low relief monumental

Low relief on a monument

20

Palace complex

Group of buildings where rulers governed and lived

21

Pictographs

Simple pictures

22

Registers

Horizontal bands on picture space

23

Shafts

Vertical part of column

24

Stele

Upright stone slab

25

Stylized

To design in a style

26

Stylus

Pointed writing instrument

27

Terminals

Carvings at the end of something

28

Torque

Collar, necklace, etc.

29

Votive figures

Images dedicated to gods

30

Ziggurat

Huge stepped structures with temple/shrine on top

31

Abstraction

Reduction of shapes and appearance to basic but recognizable forms; not intended to be exact

32

Cairn

Artificial hill

33

Capstone

Table like rock

34

Corbeling

Layers of stone laid on top in shape of arch

35

Dolmen

Simplest megalithic tomb, post and lintel

36

Henge

Circle of stones/posts, often surrounded by ditch

37

Incising

Scratching figures onto a surface

38

Low relief

Sculpture that extends slightly from background

39

Menhir

An upright monument standing alone or with others

40

Modeling

Shaping damp clay

41

Neolithic

"new" stone age

42

Paleolithic

"old" stone age (lower, middle, upper)

43

Passage grave

Tomb entered by 1 or more passageways

44

Post and lintel construction

Post (vertical), lintel (horizontal)

45

Relative dating

Relies on chronological relationships among objects at excavation site

46

Relief sculpture

Sculpture extending from background

47

Sculpture in the round

Free standing sculpture surrounded by space, meant to be viewed from all sides

48

Ware

Group of ceramic types based on texture, surface, decorations, etc.

49

Sarsen

Grey sandstone

50

Sarsen circle

Ring of sandstones

51

Lithography

Stone carving

52

Apadama

Huge meeting place; audience hall