Islamic Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP Art History > Islamic Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Islamic Vocab Deck (32):
1

Abbasid Dynasty

third Islamic caliphate; capital at Baghdad; overthrew the Umayyad dynasty

2

Aniconic

a symbolic representation without images of human figures

3

Arabesque

a type of linear surface decoration based on foliage and calligraphic forms, usually characterized by flowing lines and swirling shapes

4

Caliph

Islamic ruler

5

Calligraphy

handwriting as an artform

6

Hadith

important tool for understanding the Quran; saying by Muhammad

7

Horseshoe arch

type of islamic arch which features an opening that is circular at the top yet boxy towards the bottom

8

Islam

monotheistic, abrahamic religion which regards Muhammad as their prophet

9

Iwan

a large vaulted chamber in a mosque with a monumental arched opening on one side

10

Kaaba

cubical shrine said to have been built for God by Abraham

11

Khamsa of Nizami

Five Poems, later illustrated by Bihzad in 1494

12

Kilim

pattern usually woven in wool with bold, geometric patterns and sometimes with brocaded details; done with slit tapestry

13

Koran

holy book of Islam

14

Kufic

calligraphy that is blocky and angular, with strong upright strokes and long horizontals

15

Madrasas

colleges for religious and legal studies

16

Mecca

holy site; Muslims must make a pilgrimage to this destination

17

Miniatures

individual small-scale paintings

18

Minbar

place for the prayer leader; symbol of authority, pulpit

19

Mirador

very large window, or room with windows, that provides views to interior courtyards or exterior landscape

20

Mosque

a building used for Muslim worship

21

Muqarnas

small nichelike components stacked in tiers to fill transition between differing vertical and horizontal planes

22

Nashki

a type of Muslim script that appears to flow and swirl

23

Nasrid

the last Muslim dynasty in Spain

24

Ogival/pointed arch

arch that is pointed on top

25

Thuluth

script version of Muslim caligraphy

26

Tugras

calligraphic imperial monogram used in Ottoman courts

27

Umayyad Dynasty

661-750, ruled from Damascus in Syria, caliphs built mosques and palaces throughout Empire.

28

Warp and weft

vertical and horizontal threads in weaver’s loom

29

Qibla

mosque wall oriented towards Mecca as indicated by mihrab

30

Mihrab

recess or niche that distinguishes qibla

31

Maqsura

enclosure in front of mihrab for ruler and other dignatories

32

Minaret

huge tower from which faithful are called to prayer