Chap 1-2 Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 1-2 Questions Deck (40):
1

Define 'prehistoric'

All human existence before emergence of writing

2

Where are the oldest cave paintings?

Chaveut cave (France)

3

Principal sites where cave paintings were found (4)

Chauvet cave, pech-Merle, Lascany, Altamira (Spain)

4

Discuss changes from paleo to Neolithic

Organized system of agriculture, kept herds and animals, permanent settlements

5

What is a theory about cave paintings?

Human nature to decorate themselves and surroundings

6

What could early figurines of women mean?

Health, fertility, strong children > survival of clan

7

Techniques used in cave paintings?

Positive/negative imaging using hand (blowpipe)
Chewing charcoal
Scratching figures

8

Describe and explain Significance of lion-human

Human with lion head
Instead of copying, the carver made something out of imagination
Shows highly complex thinking and creative imagination

9

Describe woman from willendorf

Round form
Exaggerated female attributes
May express health and fertility, which guarantee strong children to continue the clan

10

Describe woman from Ostrava petrkovice

Youthful, athletic figure in animated pose, as if walking

11

Describe woman from brassempouy

Carver captured essence of head through memory image
Abstract, very general

12

3 possible reasons for cave paintings

Might be products of totemistic rites to strengthen clan bonds and increase ceremonies to enhance fertility of livestock
Sympathetic magic, but disproved because animals uses for food were not drawn
Places of worship and initiation rites

13

Describe lamassu

Human headed winged lion sculpture viewed from side and front

14

Describe the great lyre with bully's head

Lapis lazuli beard
Lapis lazuli is sign of widespread trade
Long hair/beard means semi divine status
Lyres used for funeral rites

15

Describe stele of naram-sin

Celebrates one of naram-sin's victories over people of zagros mountains

16

Describe head of a man (Akkadian ruler)

Shows generalized male ideal
Beard indicates royalty
Deliberate damage was to symbolically mutilated to destroy its power

17

Describe assurbanipal and his queen in the garden

Scene of relaxation. Victory celebration
Weapons are on table
Severed head hangs from tree

18

How to do double side coining

Punch and anvil, each held a mold.
But the metal and hit with a hammer

19

Lost wax casting

Core is image in wax. Mold is formed over it. Wax is melted and replaced with metal.
Mold is broken away and tada

20

What was the first village found?

Skara-brae

21

Pattern art in pottery?

Cross hatching

22

Samban

Sumer, akkad, neo Sumer, Babylonia, Assyria, neo Babylonia

23

In between what powers were the hotties at power?

Babylonia and assyrian

24

What were the first four civilizations?

Nile, Mesopotamia, yellow river, india

25

What was the Signifigance of rivers?

River makes agriculture possible, and therefore life

26

Signifigance of Jericho?

First city state and had mud brick walls

27

Signifigance of Chatal huyuk?

Second city state. Connected houses and walked on roofs

28

Signifigance of ain ghazal?

First human figure found

29

Where was the first human figure found?

Ain ghazal

30

Why did lapis lazuli need patrons?

Expensive

31

Describe statue of gudea?

River symbolizes tigris and Euphrates
He only rules lagash

32

What is the only remainder of hittites?

Lion gate

33

Origin of Sumerians?

First to develop Mesopotamia
Migrated from north
Filled city states with new

34

What were the firs written documents about?

Business records, Hammurabi etc

35

Purpose and appearance of ziggurat?

Proclaimed wealth prestige and stability of city's ruler and god
Symbolizes lofty bridge between heaven and earth

36

State of gudea inscriptions?

Dedicated himself, state, and temple to goddess Geshtianna, divine poet and interpreter of dream

37

Shamash?

God of sun ad justice

38

Themes in Persepolis sculptures?

Extent of empire
Economic prosperity
Allegiance
Animal combats (ferocity of leaders)

39

Ishtar gate

In front of Babylon
Glazed bricks

40

Imperial complex at Persepolis describe

Elegant drawing, balanced composition, sleek modeling
Knowledge of Greek art
Raised platform and rectangular grid (Assyrian)