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Flashcards in Baroque Questions Deck (60)
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1

Describe Louis XIV

Hyacinthe Rigaud. 1701. Oil on canvas.
-proud of his legs
-idealized subject's less attractive features

2

Describe Baldacchino

Gianlorenzo Bernini. 1624-33. Gilt bronze.
-twisted columns = union of OT and NT
-vine of Eucharist climbing columns of Temple of Solomon
-mark site of tomb of Saint Peter

3

Describe David

Bernini. 1623. Marble.
-intrudes in viewer's space
-bends at waist and twists
-more mature, sinewy body

4

Describe Saint Teresa of Avila in Ecstasy

Bernini. 1545-52. Marble.
-vision in which angel pierced her body repeatedly with arrow, transporting her to state of indescribable pain, religious ecstasy, and sense of oneness with God.
-seem to float on stucco clouds
-angel's clinging draperies contrast with Teresa's heavy woolen robe

5

Describe Facade and Interior Dome of Church of San Carlo Alle Quattro Fontane

Borromini. 1665-67.
-one corner cut off for fountain
-elongated central plan interior space with undulating walls
-pairs of columns support massive entablature
-coffers decrease in size near apex

6

Describe Piazza Navona

engraving.
-popular site for festivals and celebrations
-church dominates urban space

7

Describe Fountain of the Four Rivers

Bernini and his shop. 1648-51. Travertine and marble.
-rocky hill seems to be suspended over an open grotto.
-four rives: Nile, Ganges, Danube, Rio de la Plata
-center soars towering ancient Roman imitation of Egyptian obelisk crowned with dove, peace and Trinity and pope's family
-dual memorial to might and reach of papacy

8

Describe Ceiling of Gallery, Palazzo Farnese

Carracci. 1597-1601. Fresco.
-scenes of love based on Ovid's Metamorphosis.
-celebrates wedding of Duke to the niece of pope
-primary image is The Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne, celebrating his love for Ariadne
-organized using illusionistic devices to create multiple levels of reality

9

Describe Landscape with the Flight into Egypt

Carracci. 1603-04. Oil on canvas.
-contemplative pastoral landscape filled with golden light (Venetian)
-trees in left foreground and right middle ground frame the scene
-collection of ancient buildings in center form stable and protective canopy for flight of family
-space gradually progresses in diagonal movements

10

Describe Bacchus

Caravaggio. 1595-96. Oil on canvas.
-highly realistic. painted what he saw.
-parts of skin that had been exposed to sun are darker than the rest
-can be allegory of sins of lust and gluttony

11

Describe The Calling of Saint Matthew

Caravaggio. 1599-1600. Oil on canvas.
-meant to suggest conversion
-depicts Jesus calling Levi, tax collector, to join his apostles.
-levi sits at table counting coins for boy at left
-jesus points and levi imitates by pointing to himself
-intense light enters from unseen source and spotlights faces of men.
-Jesus's outstretched arm reminds of God giving life to Adam. Jesus calling Levi to start a new life

12

Describe Entombment

Caravaggio. 1603-4. Oil on canvas.
-perspective from burial pit into which Jesus's body is being lowered
-figures form large off-center triangle
-Virgin and Mary Magdalen barely intrude on scene. sturdy-legged laborer carrying Jesus and John the Evangelist as triangle's apex.

13

Describe Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes

Artemisia Gentileschi. 1625. Oil on canvas.
-naturalism and tenebrist effects
-Judith still holding bloody sword and hiding candle's light as maid stuffs general's head into sack
-dramatic use of light

14

Describe Self-Portrait as the Allegory of Painting

Gentileschi. 1630. Oil on canvas.
-richly dressed woman with palette and brushes.
-Iconologia's influence is revealed in woman's gold necklace with its mask pendant.
-mask imitates human face, as painting imitates nature, and gold chain symbolizes continuity and interlocking nature of painting

15

Describe Aurora

Guido Reni. 1613-14. Fresco.
-illusionistic mythological scenes in quadro riportato.
-Apollo, escorted by Cupid and Seasons, drives sun chariot. Flying figure of Aurora leads Apollo's horses at sharp diagonal over dramatic Venetian sky.

16

Describe Barberini Palace and Square

1628-36. Ink and chalk on paper.
-palace, piazza, and city

17

Describe The Glorification of the Papacy of Urban VIII

Pietro da Cortona. 1632-39. Fresco.
-figures weave in and out of setting in active and complex profusion
-dramatic illumination fuses ceiling into dense but unified whole
-elaborate allegory of virtues of the pope.
-below center of vault, seated at the top of a pyramid of clouds and figures personifying Time and Fates, Divine Providence gestures toward three giant bees surrounded by huge laurel wreaths (Barberini emblems) carried by Faith, Hope, and Charity.
-Immortality offers crown of stars
-around figures are scenes of Roman gods and goddesses, who demonstrate pope's wisdom and virtue by triumphing over the vices

18

Describe The Triumph of the Name of Jesus and the Fall of the Damned

Giovanni Battista Gaulli. 1672-85. Fresco with stucco figures.
-no sense of architectural division. cant tell if flat or has mass
-illusion of clouds and angels floating down
-subject is Last Judgment, with the elect rising joyfully toward name of God and damned plummeting through ceiling toward nave floor.

19

Describe Still Life with Quince, Cabbage, Melon, and Cucumber

Juan Sanchez Cotan. 1602. Oil on canvas.
-irregular, curved shapes of fruits and vegetables against angular geometry of the ledge
-long arc

20

Describe Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew

Jusepe de Ribera. 1634. Oil on canvas.
-bound Bartholomew looks heavenward as executions tests knife.
-highlights intensely aged faces with dramatic light of tenebrism and depicts aging wrinkled flesh with painful naturalism (caravaggio)

21

Describe Saint Serapion

Francisco de Zurbaran. 1628. Oil on canvas.
-member of Mercedarians, Spanish order founded to rescue the christian prisoners of Moors. sacrificed himself in exchange for Christian captives
-dead man's pallor, rough hands, and coarse ropes contrast with robe
-only colors are red and gold on insignia
-study of fabric and flesh

22

Describe Water Carrier of Seville

Diego Velazquez. 1619. Oil on canvas.
-study of surfaces and textures of ceramic pots
-display of light reacting to surfaces. glazed, matte, glass.
-water and its cultural role

23

Describe The Surrender at Breda

Diego Velazquez. 1634-35. Oil on canvas.
-theme of triumph and conquest
-dutch commander hands over keys of Breda to victorious spanish commander
-exchange seems gracious
-represents courtly ideal of gentlemanly conduct
-victors stand at attention. lances are upright
-defeated dutch stand out of order, pikes and banners drooping
-landscape is imaginary Netherlands

24

Describe Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor)

Diego Velazquez. 1656. Oil on canvas.
-King Philip and queen's reflection can be seen from mirror in back
-central focus is on Margarita, surrounded by attendants most of whom are identifiable portraits
-used minimum of underdrawing, building up forms with layers of loosely applied paint and finishing off surfaces with dashing highlights
-self-portrait standing at easel

25

Describe The Immaculate Conception

Bartolome Esteban Murillo. 1645-50. Oil on canvas.
Mary dressed in white and blue, hands folded in prayer, carried upward by angels
surrounded by unearthly light
stand on crescent moon = woman of the apocalypse
angels often carry palms and symbols of the Virgin like mirror, fountain, roses, and lilies.

26

Describe West Facade, Cathedral of Saint James

1667-1680.
-so much decoration
-freestanding gable over roof, visually linking two towers

27

Describe Benedictine Monastery Church, Melk

1702-36. Austria.
-vertical
-built on promontory overlooking Danube
-complex combines church, monastery, library, and guest quarters
-complex of buildings
-wings are joined by curving building and terrace overlooking river
-colossal pilasters and high, bulbous-domed towers emphasize verticality
-Interior is yellow and pink and oh gosh gold

28

Describe Rubens House

Peter Paul Rubens. 1610-15.
-large typical Flemish house
-dude its a house

29

Describe The Raising of the Cross

Rubens. 1610-11. Oil on canvas.
-Flemish tradition of uniting triptych by extending central action and landscape through all three panels
-center, Herculean figures strain to haul upright wooden cross
-left, followers of Jesus mourn
-right, indifferent soldiers supervise execution

30

Describe Henri IV Receiving the Portrait of Marie de' Medici

Rubens. 1621-25. Oil on canvas.
-Henri falls in love with Marie's portrait shown to him by Cupid and Hymen, god of marriage
-Jupiter and Juno look down from clouds
-personification of France encourages Henri to abandon war for love
-ripe colors, multiple textures, dramatic diagonals give sustained visual excitement