Romanesque Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP Art History > Romanesque Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Romanesque Vocab Deck (30):
1

Aquamanile

jug-type figure in the shape of one or more animals

2

Archivolt

entrance with diminishing sized arches

3

Bailey

a private fortress

4

Baldachin

a canopy placed over a sacred space such as a throne or altar.

5

Campanile

bell tower

6

Chevron

a decorative heraldic motif of repeated V’s; zigzag pattern

7

Cloth of honor

simpler cloth hanging vertically behind the throne, which may be combined with a canopy.

8

Compound pier

clustered columns or piers

9

Corbel tables

projecting moulded string course supported by a range of corbels

10

Donjon (keep)

massive stone tower (Great Tower) that stood in a courtyard surrounded by additional walls

11

Embroidery

consists of stitches applied to a woven ground

12

Fresco

painting technique where waterbased pigments are applied to a surface of wet plaster

13

Glazing

the building up of many thin coats of paint

14

Groin vaults

a vault made from the intersection of two barrel vaults

15

Jambs

vertical element found on both sides of an opening on a wall, and supporting an arch or lintel

16

Lantern

turretlike structure on a roof, vault, or dome with windows that allow light into the space

17

Lectionary

book or listing that contains collection of scripture readings

18

Lunette

semi-circular wall area

19

Moat

ditch dug out around a castle or fortress; when filled with water, protects building from direct attack

20

Portal

grand entrance, door, or gate usually to an important public building and often decorated with sculpture

21

Pseudo kufic

imitations of Kufic script

22

Quadrant

curve in wall or vaulted ceiling

23

Vaulting

the structure forming a vault

24

Rosette

round or oval ornament resembling a rose

25

Stringcourses

horizontal band or course projecting beyond or level with face of building

26

Squinches

arch or lintel built across upper corners of a square space

27

Tomb effigies

representation of person on tomb

28

Trumeau

a column, pier, or post found at the center of a large portal or doorway, supporting the lintel

29

Tympanum

semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over entrance, bounded by lintel and arch

30

Undercutting

to cut away material so as to leave overhanging portion