Gothic Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP Art History > Gothic Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gothic Vocab Deck (42):
1

Antependia

a decorative piece of material that can adorn a Christian altar, lectern, pulpit, or table

2

Barbican

a fortified outpost or gateway, such as an outer defence to a city or castle, or any tower situated over a gate or bridge which was used for defensive purposes

3

Bar tracery

stone/woodwork applied to wall surfaces. Mullions divide the space into vertical segments and form decorative patterns at the top of the opening or panel

4

Bas-de-page

in French, bottom of the page. Used to indicate pictures below the text in a manuscript

5

Battlements

rectangular gaps or indentations in a defense wall that occur at intervals to allow for the discharge of arrows or other missiles from within the defences.

6

Buon fresco

Painting technique in which water based pigments are applied to a surface of wet plaster

7

Buttress piers

The part of a buttress which rises above the point of thrust of a vault

8

Cames

a lead strip used in the making of stained glass windows. They have grooves on the side to secure each piece of glass that is set

9

Colonettes

Small, thin columns, often used for decoration or to support an arcade

10

Column statue

a statue attached to a column; not a freestanding sculpture

11

Crenelations

alternating high and low sections of a wall; notches; creating a defense shield in the walls of fortified buildings.

12

Crocket

stylized leaf used as decoration along the outer angles of spins, pinnacles, and gables, and around capitals in gothic architecture

13

Crossing

the junction of the four arms of a cruciform.

14

Drawbridge

a bridge that doubles as a door that gets lowered down by a pulley system and can be suspended into a bridge, thus allowing entrance into a fortified building

15

Finials

knoblike decoration found at the top point of a spire, pinnacle, canopy, or gable

16

Gesso

ground made from glue, gypsum, &/or chalk forming the ground of a wood panel or priming layer of a canvas; provides smooth surface for painting

17

Giornata

section of a fresco plastered and painted in one day

18

Grisaille

monochromatic painting in shades of gray

19

Hall church

church with nave & aisles of the same height; gives an impression of large, open hall

20

Lancets

tall narrow window crowned by a sharply pointed arch

21

Latin-cross plan

transept intersects the nave high above the midpoint of the church

22

Mullions

thin stone strips that form a lacy matrix for glass in bar tracery

23

Oculi

circular windows, “bull’s-eye windows”

24

Parapets

low walls

25

Pinnacle

an architectural ornament originally forming the cap or crown of a buttress or small turret

26

Portcullis

a latticed grille made of wood, metal or a combination of the two

27

Predella

platform or step on which an altar stands

28

Quadripartite rib

rib vault that is divided into four sections by two diagonal ribs

29

Quatrefoils

four lobed decorative pattern

30

Rampart

broad mount of earth raised to form fortification around a place

31

Retablo

votive offering in form of a religious picture, typically of painted saints and hung in church

32

Rib vaults

ribs separate the junctions of a groin, and functions to reinforce groins in vault

33

Rood screens

screens separating nave from sanctuary

34

Rose window

circular window with tracings to suggest a rose figure

35

Sinopia

the preparatory design or underdrawing of a fresco (or reddish chalklike earth pigment)

36

Stockade

barrier formed by stakes for defense against attack or as a means of confining animals

37

String courses

horizontal band of stone projecting beyond or level with face of building

38

Tempera

painting medium made by blending egg yolk with water, pigments, and other materials like glue

39

Tiercerons

secondary rib that arcs from springing point to the rib that runs lengthwise through the vault

40

Transept

arm of a cruciform church, perpendicular to nave

41

Triforium

shallow, arched gallery which stands above nave

42

Turrets

small tower that projects vertically from wall of building