South and Southeast Asia Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP Art History > South and Southeast Asia Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in South and Southeast Asia Vocab Deck (22):
1

Bodhisattva

a being who has attained enlightenment but chooses to remain in this world in order to help others advance spiritually. *A potential Buddha.

2

Buddha

a spiritual teacher from the Indian subcontinent, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. Buddha was the first awakened being.

3

Chaitya

a type of buddhist temple found in India. Built in a basilican form, it is highly decorated with sculpture and is usually carved from a cave or a natural rock location. It houses a sacred shrine (stupa) for worship.

4

Harappan

first discovered civilization in the late 12th century.

5

Mudra

a symbolic hand gesture in Buddhist art that denotes certain behaviors, actions, or feelings.

6

Nirvana

an ancient Sanskrit term used in Indian religions to describe the profound peace of mind that is acquired with moksha (liberation). In shramanic thought, it is the state of being free from suffering.

7

Shiva

deity known as the destroyer

8

Caste system

the division of labor and power in the Indian society.

9

Stupa

bell-shaped religious monument containing sacred relics

10

Torana

ornamented gateway arch in a temple, usually leading to a stupa

11

Urna

curl of hair on the forehead that is a mark of a buddha; symbol of divine wisdom

12

Samsara

cycle of death and rebirth

13

Ushnisha

a bulge on top of the head; symbolizes the Buddha’s enlightenment

14

Wat

monastery, temple

15

Yakshi (yakshas)

female (male) nature spirits that act as agents of Hindu gods; sculptures commonly found on Hindu temple entrances

16

predella

platform or step on which altar stands

17

chakra

decorative low relief carving of wheels

18

stylization

causing to conform to to a particular style

19

mandala

image of the cosmos represented by an arrangement of circles or concentric geometric shapes containing diagrams or images. Used for meditation and contemplation by Buddhists.

20

mithuna

amorous male and female couples in Buddhist sculpture, usually found at entrance of sacred building. Symbolize harmony and fertility of life.

21

darshan

beholding a deity; visions of the divine

22

puja

religious ritual in Hinduism