Flashcards in South and Southeast Asia Vocab Deck (22):
a being who has attained enlightenment but chooses to remain in this world in order to help others advance spiritually. *A potential Buddha.
a spiritual teacher from the Indian subcontinent, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. Buddha was the first awakened being.
a type of buddhist temple found in India. Built in a basilican form, it is highly decorated with sculpture and is usually carved from a cave or a natural rock location. It houses a sacred shrine (stupa) for worship.
first discovered civilization in the late 12th century.
a symbolic hand gesture in Buddhist art that denotes certain behaviors, actions, or feelings.
an ancient Sanskrit term used in Indian religions to describe the profound peace of mind that is acquired with moksha (liberation). In shramanic thought, it is the state of being free from suffering.
deity known as the destroyer
the division of labor and power in the Indian society.
bell-shaped religious monument containing sacred relics
ornamented gateway arch in a temple, usually leading to a stupa
curl of hair on the forehead that is a mark of a buddha; symbol of divine wisdom
cycle of death and rebirth
a bulge on top of the head; symbolizes the Buddha’s enlightenment
female (male) nature spirits that act as agents of Hindu gods; sculptures commonly found on Hindu temple entrances
platform or step on which altar stands
decorative low relief carving of wheels
causing to conform to to a particular style
image of the cosmos represented by an arrangement of circles or concentric geometric shapes containing diagrams or images. Used for meditation and contemplation by Buddhists.
amorous male and female couples in Buddhist sculpture, usually found at entrance of sacred building. Symbolize harmony and fertility of life.
beholding a deity; visions of the divine