Greek Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP Art History > Greek Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Greek Vocab Deck (74):
1

Abacus

Flat slab on top of capital

2

Acropolis

Ancient citadel at highest place

3

Acroteria

Ornament at corner or peak of roof

4

Adyton

Back room of Greek temple
Very private space/room

5

Agora

Open space in town used as central gathering place or market

6

Amphora

Jar used for storing oil/wine
Egg shaped body and 2 curves handles

7

Amphiprostyle

A building (temple) with porticoes at each end but without columns along other 2 sides

8

Architrave

Bottom element of entablature, beneath frieze and cornice

9

Astragal

Thin convex decorative molding

10

Black figure

Pottery technique where black figures are painted in red clay background

11

Capital

Top block

12

Caryatid

Sculpture of draped female figures as column supporting entablature

13

Cella

Principal interior room at center
(Aka naos)

14

Contrapposto

Used to describe twisted pose resulting from parts of body set in opposition to each other around central axis

15

Cornice

Uppermost section of entablature
Horizontally projecting element found on top of building

16

Echinus

Cushionlike circular element below abacus of Doric element

17

Entablature

Horizontal element above columns and capitals

18

Entasis

Slight swelling of shaft of column
Makes it appear straight from afar

19

Facade

Face or front wall of building

20

Fillet

Flat ridge between carved out flute of column shaft

21

Foreshortening

Illusion created on flat surface when figures appear to recede or project sharply into space

22

Frieze

Middle element of entablature
Usually decorated with sculpture

23

In antis

Term used to describe position of columns set between 2 walls

24

Kore

Archaic Greek statue of young woman

25

Kouros

Archaic Greek statue of young man or boy

26

Krater

Vessel used for mixing water and wine

27

Kylix

Vessel/cup used for drinking
Wide mouth and small handles near rim

28

Peristyle

Surrounded by columns

29

Pillar

Large, freestanding vertical element

30

Portico

Projecting roof or porch supported by columns

31

Pronaos

Enclosed vestibule of temple, found in front of cella and marked by row of columns at entrance

32

Red figure

Technique of red clay-colored figures on black blackground

33

Sanctuaries

Sacred or holy enclosure used for worship

34

Slip

mixture of water and clay applied to ceramic object as final decorative coat

35

Stele

large stone slab

36

Stereobate

Foundation that temple stands on

37

Stoa

Long roofed walkway having columns on one long side and wall on other

38

Stylobate

Stone foundation that colonnade stands on

39

Stylus

Instrument with pointed end

40

Terra-cotta

Medium made from clay fired over low heat and sometimes left unglazed

41

Tholos

Small, round building

42

Triglyph

Rectangular block between metopes of Doric frieze

43

White ground

Background color of object painted with slip that turns white during firing

44

Volute

Spiral scroll (Ionic capital)

45

Lekythos

Slim oil vase with one handle and narrow mouth

46

Metope

Carved or painted rectangular panel between triglyphs of Doric frieze

47

Naos

BASICALLY A CELLA

48

Olpe

Any vase/jug without a spout

49

Pediment

Triangular gable on entablature

50

Peripteral

Any building/room surrounded by columns

51

Acanthus

One of the most common plant forms to make foliage ornament and decoration

52

Anta

Posts/pillars on either side of doorway or entrance of Greek temple

53

Corinthian

Most ornate of the 3 Greek orders
Has acanthus and small volute, fluted

54

Doric

Most simple of the 3 Greek orders
No base, fluted

55

Ionic

The middle between the 3 Greek orders
Fluted, has volute

56

Fluted necking

Curved indentations on a column

57

Polis

City

58

Propylon

Any monumental gateway
(based on entrance to Acropolis on Athens)

59

S-curve

Where figure's body and posture is depicted like the letter "S"

60

Stadium

Venue for outdoor events

61

Treasuries

Place where currency or special items were stored, usually built inside temples

62

Lost wax process

A method of casting metal by a process in which a wax mold is covered with clay and plaster, then fired, melting the wax and leaving a hollow form. Molten metal is then poured into the hollow space and slowly cooled. When the hardened clay and plaster exterior shell is removed, a solid metal form remains

63

Oinochoe

Wine jug with curved handle and round mouth

64

Opisthodomos

Small room in the cella of a temple

65

Orthogonal city plan

Plan for a building or city that is based on right angles

66

Aphrodite

Goddess of love

67

Poseidon

God of the sea, holding 3-pronged spear

68

Demeter

Goddess of grain and agriculture

69

Zeus

Supreme God, holds scepter and lightning bolt

70

Dionysos

God of wine, grape harvest, inspiration

71

Athena

Goddess of wisdom, war, virginity, victory

72

Persephone

Goddess of fertility, queen of the underworld

73

Apollo

God of sun, light, truth, and music

74

Eros

Young child or infant of god of love