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Flashcards in Greek Vocab Deck (74)
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1

Abacus

Flat slab on top of capital

2

Acropolis

Ancient citadel at highest place

3

Acroteria

Ornament at corner or peak of roof

4

Adyton

Back room of Greek temple
Very private space/room

5

Agora

Open space in town used as central gathering place or market

6

Amphora

Jar used for storing oil/wine
Egg shaped body and 2 curves handles

7

Amphiprostyle

A building (temple) with porticoes at each end but without columns along other 2 sides

8

Architrave

Bottom element of entablature, beneath frieze and cornice

9

Astragal

Thin convex decorative molding

10

Black figure

Pottery technique where black figures are painted in red clay background

11

Capital

Top block

12

Caryatid

Sculpture of draped female figures as column supporting entablature

13

Cella

Principal interior room at center
(Aka naos)

14

Contrapposto

Used to describe twisted pose resulting from parts of body set in opposition to each other around central axis

15

Cornice

Uppermost section of entablature
Horizontally projecting element found on top of building

16

Echinus

Cushionlike circular element below abacus of Doric element

17

Entablature

Horizontal element above columns and capitals

18

Entasis

Slight swelling of shaft of column
Makes it appear straight from afar

19

Facade

Face or front wall of building

20

Fillet

Flat ridge between carved out flute of column shaft

21

Foreshortening

Illusion created on flat surface when figures appear to recede or project sharply into space

22

Frieze

Middle element of entablature
Usually decorated with sculpture

23

In antis

Term used to describe position of columns set between 2 walls

24

Kore

Archaic Greek statue of young woman

25

Kouros

Archaic Greek statue of young man or boy

26

Krater

Vessel used for mixing water and wine

27

Kylix

Vessel/cup used for drinking
Wide mouth and small handles near rim

28

Peristyle

Surrounded by columns

29

Pillar

Large, freestanding vertical element

30

Portico

Projecting roof or porch supported by columns