Chapter 1 review Flashcards Preview

Human Anatomy > Chapter 1 review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 review Deck (27):
1

Study of tissues

Histology

2

Toward the tail

Caudal

3

Contains the spinal cord

Vertebral cavity

4

Structural change in the body

Development

5

Study of organs of one system

Systemic anatomy

6

Thoracic cavity

Mediastinum

7

Detect and react to stimuli

Responsiveness

8

Groin

Inguinal region

9

Toward the head

Cranial

10

Study of cells

Cytology

11

Cutting the midsagittal section through the body separates the

Right and left halves of the body

12

Examination of superficial anatomic markings and internal body structures as they relate to the covering skin is called

Surface anatomy

13

What region corresponds to the forearm?

Antebrachial

14

The state of maintaining a constant internal environment is called

Homeostasis

15

The ____ level of organization is composed of two or more tissue types that work together to perform a common function.

Organ

16

Which body cavity is located inferior to the diaphragm and superior to a horizontal line drawn between the superior edges of the hip bones?

Abdominal cavity

17

The term used when referring to a body structure that is below, or at a lower level than, another structure is

Inferior

18

Which medical imaging technique uses modified x-rays to prepare three- dimensional cross-sectional "slices" of the body?

Computed tomography (CT)

19

The ____ region is the "front" of the knee

Patellar

20

The sub discipline of anatomy that examines structures not readily seen by the unaided eye is

Microscopic Anatomy

21

Which medical imaging technique is best suited for examining soft tissues

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

22

Which medical imaging techniques are best suited for examining harder body tissues, such as bone?

Radiography

23

If a person becomes ill and the symptoms indicate infection by a parasitic organism, treatment will depend upon correct diagnosis of the problem. What category of anatomic study would be most appropriate for identifying an infectious agent in the blood or muscle tissue? What kinds of effects would an infection in the blood or muscle tissue have?

The level of anatomic study would be microscopic-either cytologic or histologic- or pathologic. Cytologic studies would examine the blood itself, while histologic studies would examine muscle tissue removed during biopsy. Cytologic studies and histologic studies look in blood and muscle samples for pathogens as well as any increase in WBCs, results of inflammatory responses, and the presence of cellular debris. Pathologic studies look for anatomic changes in organs as a result of infection

24

Lynn was knocked off her bicycle during a race. She damaged a nerve in her antebrachial region, suffered an abrasion in her patellar region, and broke bones in her sacral and crachial regions. Explain where each of these injuries is located

*Antebrachial=forearm
*Patellar=kneecap
*Sacral=posterior region between the hips
*Brachial region= the arm

25

Your grandmother is being seen by a radiologist to diagnose a possible tumor in her small intestine. Explain what imaging techniques would best determine whether a tumor exists, and which imaging techniques would be inadequate for determining the placement of the tumor

The best techniques would be computed tomography and MRI, but they are expensive. Sonography may provide some information; it would probably not be very precise, but it is inexpensive. Radiography would only provide some information if used in conjunction with radiopaque dyes

26

The stomach is at what level of organization

The organ level

27

The digestive system is at what level of organization

The organ system level