Chapter 1.1 History of Human Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1.1 History of Human Anatomy Deck (27):
1

For several centuries, the main centers of the scientific world were in what places?

Ancient Greece and Egypt

2

Who developed a medical practice based on observations and studies of the human body

The greek physician Hippocrates

3

This is called the "Father of Medicine"

Hippocrates

4

The ancient Egyptians developed specialized knowledge in some areas of human anatomy, which they applied to what

To efforts to mummify their deceased leaders

5

In Alexandria, Egypt, one of the great anatomy teachers in 300 bc was

Herophilus,

6

Herophilus is

A Greek scientist who was the first to publicly dissect and compare human and animal bodies

7

Many of the early descriptions of anatomic structures were a result of whose efforts?

Herophilus

8

Why is Herophilus known as the "Father of Anatomy"?

Because he based his conclusions (such as that blood vessels carry blood) on human dissection

9

The work of Herophilus greatly influenced who

Galen of Pergamum

10

Dubbed the "Prince of Physicians"

Galen of Pergamum

11

Why is Galen of Pergamum dubbed the "Prince of Physicians"?

Because he stressed the importance of experimentation in medicine

12

Wrote many treaties, including On the movement of the chest and of the lung, On anatomical procedure, and On the uses of the parts of the body of man

Galen

13

After 1200 ad Galen's treatises began to be translated from what into what

Arabic into Latin

14

Where was the first European medical school established

In the mid-1200's in italy at Salerno

15

Where were human bodies dissected in public?

At the European medical school in Italy at Salerno

16

What was invented in the mid-1400's that provided a means for disseminating anatomic information on a larger scale?

Movable type and copperplate engraving were invented

17

Illustrations became a way of what

Recording anatomic findings and passing on that knowledge

18

Leonardo Da Vinci began his study of the human body around when?

1500

19

Considered one of the greatest anatomists and biological investigators of all time

Leonardo Da Vinci

20

When did Da Vinci become fascinated with the human body?

When he performed dissections to improve his drawing and painting techniques

21

In the mid-1500's, Andreas Vesalius, a Belgian physician and anatomist, began what movement

A movement in medicine and anatomy that was characterized by "refined observations."

22

Who organized the medical school classroom in a way that brought students close to the operating table?

Andreas Vesalius

23

Whose dissections of the human body and descriptions of his findings helped correct misconceptions that had existed for 200 years

Andreas Vesalius

24

Vesalius was called the

Reformer of Anatomy because he promoted the idea of "living anatomy"

25

Whose was the first anatomically accurate medical textbook and the fine engravings in the book were produced from their personal sketches

Andreas Vesalius, his text De Humani Corporis

26

Who was William Harvey

He was an Englishman who studied medicine at the Universtiy of Padua in Italy in the early 1600s,

27

What year did William Harvey publish his book entitled An Anatomical Study of the Motion of the Heart and of the Blood in Animals?

1628