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Flashcards in Culture 18 Deck (15):
1

EXTINCTION

  • When a culture dies out.
  • Often the people die out too.
  • Some may become peasants or pass into contemporary society.

2

EXTRADOMESTIC

Outside the home; within or pertaining to the public domain.

3

FACT

A description of a bit or piece of some domain of inquiry.

4

FACTICITY

  • Is the process whereby certain perceptions or phenomena achieve the status of uncontroversial fact.
  • Phenomenological analysis attempts to reduce facticity, as does the method of deconstruction, by exposing the social practices which generate it.
  • Achieving facticity may involve both the objectification and the naturalisation of something as a fact.

5

FAMILY OF ORIENTATION

Nuclear family in which one is born and grows up.

6

FAMILY OF PROCREATION

Nuclear family established when one marries and has children.

7

FASCISM

  • A term used particularly to describe the nationalistic and totalitarian regimes of Benito Mussolini (Italy, 1922-45) and Adolf Hitler (Germany, 1933-45).
  • Is characterised by totalitarian attempts to impose state control over almost all aspects of life: political, social, cultural, and economic.
  • The fascist state also regulates and controls the means of production and takes all investment decisions.
  • The word "fascism" comes from the fasces (rods bundled around an axe), which was the ancient Roman symbol of the authority of judges.

8

FAUX PAS: (French word meaning false step)

  • Is a violation of accepted and unwritten, social norms.
  • What is considered good manners in one culture can be considered a faux pas in another.
  • For example, in Western societies it is usually considered a friendly gesture to bring a bottle of wine when invited to someone's house for dinner. French hosts may consider this insulting as it implies that the hosts are unable to serve their own good wine.

9

FEMINIST ANTHROPOLOGY

Approaches to the study of culture that emphasize the need to understand the gendered nature of human societies, and the gendered nature of social/cultural inquiry.

10

FEMINITY

Femininity pertains to societies in which social agenda roles overlap (i.e., men and women are supposed be modest, tender, and concerned with the quality of life).

11

FEUDALISM

Hierarchical social and political system common in Europe during the medieval period. The majority of the population were engaged in subsistence agriculture while simultaneously having an obligation to fulfil certain duties for the landholder. At the same time the landholder owed various obligations called fealty to his overlord.

12

FIELDWORK

Living among a group of people for the purpose of learning about their culture.

13

FIRST NATION

  • The indigenous population of Canada, excepting the Inuit or Métis people.
  • The term came into common usage in the 1980s to refer mostly to Canada's aboriginal people, most of who live around Ontario and British Columbia.

14

FISCAL

Pertaining to finances and taxation.

15

FISSIONING

A Yanomamo settlement splits due to internal conflict with one group moving away to form a new village.