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Flashcards in Culture 34 Deck (15):
1

PATRIARCHY

Political system ruled by men in which women have inferior social and political status, including basic human rights.

2

PATRILINEAGE

  • Line of descent as traced through men on the paternal side of a family each of whom is related to the common ancestor through males.
  • Synonym is agnation and opposite is matrilineage.

3

PATRILINEAL

An interrelated constellation of patrilineality, patrilocality, warfare, and male supremacy.

4

PATRILINEAL DESCENT

Unilineal descent rule in which people join the father's group automatically at birth and stay members throughout life.

5

PATRILOCAL

Residence after marriage in association with the husband's father's relatives.

6

PATRILOCALITY

Customary residence with the husband's relatives after marriage, so that children grow up in their father's community.

7

PEASANT

Small-scale agriculturalist living with rent fund obligations.

8

PEASANTS

  • People who produce for their own subsistence in pre-industrial and industrializing state societies-usually rural, lower class, primary producers such as farmers, artisans, or fishermen.
  • They are involved in market relations with urban centers, to which they are also bound politically and administratively.

9

PEER GROUP

A subgroup of a society in which membership is determined by similar age, sharing the same social status, etc.

10

PEER PRESSURE

  • The influences that people of the same rank, age or group have on each other.
  • Under peer pressure a group norm of attitudes and/or behaviours may override individual moral inhibitions, sexual personal habits or individual attitudes or behavioural patterns.

11

PEER-POLITY INTERACTION

Is the full range of exchanges taking place, including imitation, emulation, competition, warfare, and the exchange of material goods and information between autonomous (self-governing) sociopolitical units, generally within the same geographic region.

12

PERCEIVED

 What people think the situation actually is.

13

PERIPHERY

Is the weakest structural position in the world system.

14

PERSONAL SPACE

  • Humans desire to have a pocket of space around them and into which they tend to resent others intruding.
  • Is highly variable.
  • Those who live in a densely populated environment tend to have smaller personal space requirements. Thus a resident of a city in India or China may have a smaller personal space than someone who lives in Northern Lapland.

15

PERSONALISTIC DISEASE THEORIES

One of the theories in Anthropology that attributes illness to sorcerers, witches, ghosts, or ancestral spirits.