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Flashcards in Culture 26 Deck (15):
1

LIFE HISTORY

Provides a personal cultural portrait of existence or change in a culture.

2

LIMINALITY

The critically important marginal or in-between phase of a rite of passage.

3

LINEAGE

Unilineal descent group based on demonstrated descent.

4

LINEAL RELATIVE

Any of ego's or principal subjects's ancestors or descendants (e.g., parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren) on the direct line of descent that leads to and from ego.

5

LINGUISTIC ANTHROPOLOGY

The descriptive, comparative, and historical study of language and of linguistic similarities and differences in time, space, and society.

6

LINGUISTIC REPERTOIRE

  • A term used in discourse analysis to refer to the resources (discourses, intersubjective meanings, etc.)
  • On which people draw in order to construct accounts.

7

LONGITUDINAL RESEARCH

Long-term study of a community, region, society, culture, or other unit, usually based on repeated visits.

8

MACHISMO

  • The word machismo-and its derivatives machista and macho, comes from the Spanish word macho, meaning "male" or "manly" and refers to a prominently exhibited or excessive masculinity.
  • Machistas firmly believe in the superiority of men over women and that women were created to stay home and be mothers and wives.
  • In many cultures, from Latin America to Korea and to countries of the Muslim world, machismo is acceptable and even expected male behaviour.

9

MAGIC

  • Use of supernatural techniques to accomplish specific aims.
  • Common in many societies.
  • Example: Folk magic, Witchcraft or Voodoo.

10

MANA

Sacred impersonal force in Melanesian and Polynesian religions.

11

MANDALA

Artistic representation of the cosmos, a focus for meditation.

12

MANIOC, ALSO CALLED "CASSAVA"

Plants grown in the tropics for their starchy, edible rootstock, commonly found as a dietary staple among gardening peoples.

13

MARGINALITY

  • Used to describe the typical position of the ethnographer, who exists on the margins of the social world being studied, in that he or she is neither a full participant nor a full observer.
  • Also used to describe groups of people living outside mainstream culture.

14

MARKET PRINCIPLE

  • Profit-oriented principle of exchange that dominates in states, particularly industrial states.
  • Goods and services are bought and sold, and values are determined by supply and demand.

15

MARKET-BASED STATES

Modern states e.g UK, where the market is the dominant means by which land, labour, capital and goods are exchanged and has a major influence over social and political organization.