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Flashcards in Culture 22 Deck (15):
1

HOMEWORKERS

People who do paid work from thier own homes.

2

HORTICULTURE

The science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants. In behavioural sciences, nonindustrial system of plant cultivation in which plots lie fallow for varying lengths of time.

3

HUMAN RIGHTS

  • Refers to the basic rights and freedoms to which all humans irrespective of countries, cultures, politics, languages, skin colour and religions are entitled.
  • Examples of human rights are the right to life and liberty, freedom of expression, and equality before the law, the right to participate in culture, the right to work, the right to hold religious beliefs without persecution, and to not be enslaved, or imprisoned without charge and the right to education.

4

HUMANISM

Concern for human welfare, dignity and values.

5

HYBRIDITY

  • Refers to groups as a mixture of local and non-local influences; their character and cultural attributes are a product of contact with the world beyond a local place.
  • The term originates from agriculture and has for a long time been strongly related to pejorative concepts of racism and racial purity from western colonial history.

6

HYPERDESCENT

Is the practice of determining the lineage of a child of mixed race ancestry by assigning the child the race of his more socially dominant parent (opposite of Hypodescent).

7

HYPERVITAMINOSIS D

Condition caused by an excess of vitamin D; calcium deposits build up on the body's soft tissues and the kidneys may fail; symptoms include gallstones and joint and circulation problems; may affect unprotected light-skinned individuals in the tropics.

8

HYPODESCENT

  • A social rule that automatically places the children of a union or mating between members of different socioeconomic groups in the less-privileged group.
  • In its most extreme form in the United States, hypodescent came to be known as the "one drop rule," meaning that if a person had one drop of black blood, he was considered black.
  • The opposite of hypodescent is hyperdescent.

9

HYPOTHESIS

  • Tentative description of a relationship between variables or that such a relationship exists.
  • In research some scientific method is used to test (in order to prove or disprove) a hypothesis.

10

HYPOTHETICO-DEDUCTION

  • Is the view that science proceeds by deriving hypotheses from theories, which are then tested for truth or falsity by observation and experimentation.
  • It is the opposite of induction, which proposes that theories can be derived from observations.

11

IDEAL

What people think the situation should be.

12

IDEALISM

Often opposed to realism, this term describes the view that the world exists only in people's minds.

13

ILLNESS

A malady that is culturally defined.

14

IMAGINARY GEOGRAPHIES

  • The ideas and representations that divide the world into spaces and areas with specific meanings and associations.
  • These can exist on different scales e.g. The imaginaries that divide the world into a developed core and less developed peripheries or the imagined divide between the deprived inner city and the affluent suburbs.

15

IMPERIALISM

A policy of extending the rule of a nation or empire over foreign nations or of taking and holding foreign colonies by forceful conquest.