Culture 37 Flashcards Preview

Culture Glossary > Culture 37 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Culture 37 Deck (15):
1

PRESTIGE

Esteem, respect, or approval for acts, deeds, or qualities considered exemplary.

2

PRODUCTIVITY

A basic feature of language; the ability to use the rules of one's language to create new expressions comprehensible to other speakers.

3

PROGENY PRICE

  • A gift from the husband and his kin to the wife and her kin before, at, or after marriage.
  • It legitimizes children born to the woman as members of the husband's descent group.

4

PROPOSITION

  • Makes a claim about some domain of inquiry. Also called hypotheses.
  • The higher one's class status, the greater one's power is a proposition.

5

PROTESTANT WORK ETHIC

  • A Bible based value system that stresses the moral value of work, self-discipline, and individual responsibility as the means to improving one's economic well-being.
  • Also known as the Puritan work ethic, the term was first coined by Max Weber, a German Economist and Sociologist in 1904.
  • Many Europeans and Americans consider it as one of the cornerstones of national prosperity.

6

PROTOCULTURE

Is the simplest or beginning aspects of culture as seen in some nonhuman primates.

7

PROTOLANGUAGE

  •  Language ancestral to several daughter languages.
  • Example: Latin or Sankrit.

8

PROXEMICS

  • Is the study of human "perception and use of space" (Hall 1959).
  • Tries to identify the distance and the way the space around persons are "organised".
  • In some cultures, people are comfortable with being very close, or even touching each other as a normal sign of friendship.
  • In other cultures, touching and sitting/standing very close can cause considerable discomfort.

9

PUBLIC TRANSCRIPT

  • A term used by James Scott to refer to the open, public interactions between dominators and oppressed.
  • It points to the outer shell of power relations and is the opposite of 'Private Transcript'.

10

PURDAH

Is the Muslim or Hindu practice of keeping women hidden from men outside their own family; or, a curtain, veil, or the like used for such a purpose.

11

QUALITATIVE RESEARCH

Involves the gathering of data through methods that involve observing forms of behaviour e.g. Conversations, non-verbal communication, rituals, displays of emotion, which cannot easily be expressed in terms of quantities or numbers.

12

QUALITATIVE THEMATIC ANALYSIS

  • Analysis based on the identification of themes in qualitative material, often identified by means of a coding scheme.
  • A widely used approach to qualitative analysis, generally treating accounts as a resource for finding out about the reality or experiences to which they refer, this is similar to interpretive content analysis.

13

QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH

  • Is the systematic scientific investigation of quantitative or measurable properties and phenomena and interrelationships. \
  • Aims to develop and employ hypotheses, theories and models, which can be verified scientifically.

14

QUASI EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN

  •  Involves control of spurious variables by means of statistical operations at the analysis stage, rather than the design stage (as occurs in randomized controlled trials).
  • The approach is often used to analyse survey data, or in situations where strict experimental designs may be impractical or unethical.

15

QUESTIONNAIRE

Survey research technique in which the researcher suplies written questions to the subject, who gives written answers to the questions asked.