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Flashcards in Culture 49 Deck (15):
1

UNCERTAINTY OF APPROVAL

Measures how much any member of a group is concerned about getting acceptance from other group members.

2

UNDERDIFFERENTIATION

  • In developmental anthropology it refers to planning fallacy of viewing less-developed countries as an undifferentiated group.
  • Ignoring cultural diversity and adopting a uniform approach (often ethnocentric) for very different types of project beneficiaries.
  • In Linguistics it is the representation of two or more phonemes, syllables, or morphemes with a single symbol.

3

UNILINEAL DESCENT

 Matrilineal or patrilineal descent.

4

UNILINEAL DESCENT GROUP

Is a kin group in which membership is inherited only through either the paternal or the maternal line.

5

UNILINEAL EVOLUTION

  •  Also referred to as classical social evolution) is a 19th century social theory which claims a pattern of cultural progress through a sequence of evolutionary stages.
  • It was the basic premise of the early cultural evolutionists but is considered obsolete.

6

UNIVERSAL

Something that exists in every culture.

7

UNIVERSALISM

  • One of the Trompenaars & Hampden-Turner (1997) dimensions describing the preference for rules over relationships (or vice versa).
  • In a Universalist culture, a rule cannot be broken and is a "hard fact", no matter what the relationship with the person is.
  • People in universalistic cultures share the belief that general rules, codes, values and standards take precedence over particular needs and claims of friends and relations.

8

UNOBTRUSIVE MEASURES

  • A measurement that can be made without the person being aware of being studied.
  • This is done to reduce the problem of evaluation apprehension, when the person being evaluated is concerned about performing suitably.

9

UNSTRUCTURED INTERVIEW

Is an ethnographic data-gathering technique usually used in the early stages of fieldwork in which interviewees are asked to respond to broad, open-ended questions.

10

URBANIZATION

The process by which increasing number of people come to live in cities.

11

URBANIZED SOCIETY

A society in which the majority of people live in cities in contrast to rural society.

12

URBAN-OVERLOAD HYPOTHESIS

Assumes that city dwellers react to excessive stimulation by avoiding interpersonal involvement.

13

VALIDITY

The extent to which a measure represents accurately what it is supposed to represent.

14

VARIABLES

Attributes (e.g., sex, age, height, weight) that differ from one person or case to the next.

15

VERSTEHEN

Max Weber used this word to describe the study of intersubjectivity, involving an attempt to understand the meaning of social action from the actor's viewpoint.