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Flashcards in Culture 9 Deck (15):
1

COLLATERAL HOUSEHOLD

Is a type of expanded family household including siblings and their spouses and children.

2

COLLECTIVISM

Individualism/Collectivism is one of the Hofstede dimensions in intercultural communication studies. "Collectivism pertains to societies in which people from birth onwards are integrated into strong, cohesive in-groups, which throughout people's lifetime continue to protect them in exchange for unquestioning loyalty."

3

COLONIALISM

The political, social, economic, and cultural domination of a territory and its people by a foreign power for an extended time.

4

COMMON INTEREST GROUPS

Associations that are formally recognized with a name and social organization, but are not based on age, kinship, marriage, or territory.

5

COMMUNAL RELIGIONS

In Wallace's typology, these religions have, in addition to shamanic cults, communal cults in which people organize community rituals such as harvest ceremonies and rites of passage.

6

COMMUNISM

  • A political theory of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
  • Communism is characterized by the common ownership of the means of production contra private ownership in capitalism.
  • The Soviet Union was the first communist state and lasted from 1917 to 1991.

7

COMMUNITAS

Intense community spirit, a feeling of great social solidarity, equality, and togetherness; characteristic of people experiencing liminality together.

8

COMPARATIVE METHOD

  • The comparison of people's experiences of different types of social structure or social setting in terms of historical points in time, or across cultures at a single point in time.
  • This is an approach which can shed light on the particular arrangements of both sides of the comparison.

9

COMPASINO

An agricultural worker.

10

COMPLEX SOCIETIES

Are usually nation states; large and populous, with social stratification and centralised forms of governments.

11

CONCEPT

  • Relates facts to propositions and theories.
  • Concepts often become variables, but concept is more encompassing. Status and role are concepts.
  • Ranking statuses according to social classes, e.g. Lower, middle, and upper, is a variable.
     

12

CONNOTATION

  • Used in semiotics to indicate the interpretive meanings of signs, which may be ideological.
  • Thus a picture of a soldier saluting a flag connotes nationhood and patriotism as well as the more straightforward things such as `soldier' and `flag' that it denotes.

13

CONSANGUINEAL

Members of one's kindred who are related by blood line.

14

CONSANGUINEAL KIN

  •  A blood relative.
  • An individual related by common descent from the same individual.
  • In most societies of the world, kinship can be traced both by common descent and through marriage, although a distinction is usually made between the two categories.
  • The degree of consanguinity between any two people can be calculated as the percentage of genes they share through common descent.

15

CONSPICUOUS CONSUMPTION

  • The excessive display of material items for the purpose of impressing others.
  • People who make money very quickly or the noveau riche are often portrayed as doing this with unrefined taste.
  • The term was first used by the American economist Thorstein Veblen, in The Theory of the Leisure Class (1899).