Culture 25 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Culture 25 Deck (15):
1

KIKE OR KYKE

  • Derogatory term in the U.S. for a Jew. From kikel, in Yiddish for "circle".
  • Probably came from the practice that early immigrant Jews signed legal documents with an "O" (rather than an "X").

2

KINDRED

People related to one another by blood, marriage, and adoption.

3

KINESICS

The study of non-linguistic bodily movements, such as gestures, stances and facial expressions as a systematic mode of communication.

4

KINSHIP CALCULATION

The system by which people in a particular society reckon kin relationships.

5

KINSHIP CHART

The diagram of kinship relations using symbols to indicate males, females, marriages, divorces, siblings, descent, and deceased relatives.

6

KORAN (also spelled Quran)

Book of teachings for the religion of Islam.

7

KULA

A set of trade relations among Trobriand men involving the giving away of shell artifacts with the objective of displaying prestige and reinforcing alliances.

8

LANGUAGE

  • Is the primary means of communication for humans.
  • It may be spoken or written and features productivity and displacement and is culturally transmitted.

9

LAW

  • A legal code, including trial and enforcement.
  • Examples are Code of Hammurabi (also known as Codex Hammurabi) which is one of the earliest and best preserved law codes from ancient Babylon created ca. 1760 BC, The Code Napoléon in France was established under Napoléon I and entered into force on March 21, 1804.

10

LEVELING DEVICE

A cultural mechanism which reduces wealth differentials between individuals often by inducing the wealthy to sponsor feasts or to destroy or give away surplus in return for increased prestige.

11

LEVELING MECHANISMS

 Is a social or economic practice that operates to reduce differences in wealth and thus to bring standouts in line with community norms.

12

LEVIRATE

Custom by which a widow marries the brother of her deceased husband.

13

LEXICON

Vocabulary; a dictionary containing all the morphemes in a language and their meanings.

14

LIFE CYCLE

The set of states a person goes through from birth to death.

15

LIFE EXPECTANCY

 Is the length of time that a person can, on the average, expect to live.