Power, status or resources associated with a social influence agent in social impact theory.
- An imbalance between environmental demands and an organism's response capabilities.
- Also the human body's response to excessive change.
- There has been a number of forms of "structuralism" in the history of anthropology. Structural-functionalism approaches the basic structures of a given society as serving key functions in meeting basic human needs.
- Another form of structuralism, developed by Claude Levi-Strauss, argues that social/cultural structures are actually rooted in the fundamental structure of the human brain, which generates basic building-blocks of social/cultural systems.
- In this approach, culture is studied for its deeper meaning to be discovered in the careful structural analysis of meaning in myth and ritual.
Variations in speech in different contexts.
- A part or subdivision of a dominant culture or an enclave within it with a distinct integrated network of behaviour, beliefs and attitudes.
- May be distinctive because of the race, ethnicity, social class, gender or age of its members.
Different cultural traditions associated with subgroups in the same complex society.
Languages within a taxonomy of related languages that are most closely related.
The lower, or underprivileged, group in a stratified system.
The way by which a culture obtains its food.
When there is very little surplus and nearly all that is produced goes to supporting the farm household.
- Used for the major growth areas of the southern and western parts of the USA during recent years in contrast to the contracting and declining industrial base of the north-east (rust belt).
- The term has also been used in other parts of the developed world to describe dynamic regions, e.g. The M4 corridor in England.
- In psychoanalytic theory, the part of personality oriented toward morally proper actions; the conscience.
- The superego includes a person's ideal self-image.
Characteristics of the reality beyond the senses.
The upper, or privileged, group in a stratified system.
A significant goal that can be achieved only through cooperation among different individuals and groups.