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Flashcards in Culture 46 Deck (15):
1

STRENGTH

Power, status or resources associated with a social influence agent in social impact theory.

2

STRESS

  • An imbalance between environmental demands and an organism's response capabilities.
  • Also the human body's response to excessive change.

3

STRUCTURALISM

  • There has been a number of forms of "structuralism" in the history of anthropology. Structural-functionalism approaches the basic structures of a given society as serving key functions in meeting basic human needs.
  • Another form of structuralism, developed by Claude Levi-Strauss, argues that social/cultural structures are actually rooted in the fundamental structure of the human brain, which generates basic building-blocks of social/cultural systems.
  • In this approach, culture is studied for its deeper meaning to be discovered in the careful structural analysis of meaning in myth and ritual.

4

STYLE SHIFTS

Variations in speech in different contexts.

5

SUB-CULTURE

  • A part or subdivision of a dominant culture or an enclave within it with a distinct integrated network of behaviour, beliefs and attitudes.
  • May be distinctive because of the race, ethnicity, social class, gender or age of its members.

6

SUBCULTURES

Different cultural traditions associated with subgroups in the same complex society.

7

SUBGROUPS

 Languages within a taxonomy of related languages that are most closely related.

8

SUBORDINATE

The lower, or underprivileged, group in a stratified system.

9

SUBSISTENCE

The way by which a culture obtains its food.

10

SUBSISTENCE FARMERS

When there is very little surplus and nearly all that is produced goes to supporting the farm household.

11

SUN BELT

  • Used for the major growth areas of the southern and western parts of the USA during recent years in contrast to the contracting and declining industrial base of the north-east (rust belt).
  • The term has also been used in other parts of the developed world to describe dynamic regions, e.g. The M4 corridor in England.

12

SUPEREGO

  •  In psychoanalytic theory, the part of personality oriented toward morally proper actions; the conscience.
  • The superego includes a person's ideal self-image.

13

SUPERNATURAL

Characteristics of the reality beyond the senses.

14

SUPERORDINATE

The upper, or privileged, group in a stratified system.

15

SUPERORDINATE GOAL

 A significant goal that can be achieved only through cooperation among different individuals and groups.