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Flashcards in Culture 41 Deck (15):
1

SELF-AFFIRMATION

A phenomenon in which an individual responds to a threat to self-esteem by enhancing some facet of the self-concept.

2

SELF-AWARENESS

  • A psychological state in which individuals focus their attention on and evaluate different aspects of their self-concepts.
  • These can vary from physical experiences to differences between "Ideal" self and "Real" self.

3

SELF-CATEGORIZATION

The process of an individual spontaneously including herself or himself as a member of a group.

4

SELF-CONCEPT

The entirety of an individual's thoughts and feelings with reference to the self as an object.

5

SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS

An inclination to focus on one's self. Private self-consciousness relates to self-awareness, while public self-consciousness handles other people's view of the self.

6

SELF-DISCLOSURE

How an individual reveals information about the self; self-revelation.

7

SELF-ESTEEM

The evaluation of oneself in either positive or negative terms.

8

SELF-FULFILLING PROPHECY

  • When a perceiver's belief about an observed person can actually elicit desired behaviour from the observed person.
  • Also called expectancy confirmation sequence.

9

SELF-HANDICAPPING STRATEGY

Any action or choice of performance setting that increases the opportunity to avoid blame for failure and to get credit for success.

10

SELF-MONITORING

  • The use by an individual of cues from other people's self-presentations to control his or her own self-presentation.
  • Impression management in social relations require well-developed self-presentation skills acquired through high self-monitoring.

11

SELF-PERCEPTION THEORY

Proposes that we learn about our emotions, attitudes and other internal states by observing our own behaviour.

12

SELF-SCHEMA

Cognitive generalizations about own self. These guide and organize the processing of self-related information.

13

SELF-SERVING ATTITUDE BIAS

 A tendency to infer causes for events in order to confirm the individual's self-concept, usually by claiming greater personal responsibility for beneficial outcomes than negative outcomes.

14

SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL TECHNIQUE

A method of measuring attitude in which test subjects rate a concept on a series of bipolar scales of adjectives.

15

SEMANTICS

A language's meaning system.