Culture 29 Flashcards Preview

Culture Glossary > Culture 29 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Culture 29 Deck (15):
1

MONOGAMY

Marriage in which an individual has one spouse.

2

MONOTHEISM

  • Worship of an eternal, omniscient, omnipotent, and omnipresent supreme being.
  • Judaism and Islam are examples.

3

MORE DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (MDCS)

  • Countries with significant competitive advantages in today's globalizing economy.
  • They have well-developed, increasingly knowledge-based and strongly interconnected manufacturing and service sectors that provide a significant proportion of employment and contribute to significant national and individual wealth.
  • In these countries indices such as literacy levels, incomes and quality of life are high and these countries exercise considerable political influence at the global scale.
  • Examples are the UK, the US, Germany and France.

4

MORPHEME

The smallest unit of sound that carries a distinct meaning.

5

MORPHOLOGY

  •  The study of form.
  • It is used in linguistics (the study of morphemes and word construction).

6

MUCROLOGY

The art of etching or painting with a pointed tip of a feathery leaf, etc.

7

MULATO

  • A term used for people of partly African descent.
  • Originates from Spanish.

8

MULITCULTURALISM

  • Stressing the importance of different cultures, races, and ethnicities.
  • A belief or policy that endorses the principle of cultural diversity of different cultural and ethnic groups so that they retain distinctive cultural identities.
  • The United States is understood as a "mosaic" of various and diverse cultures, as opposed to the single monolithic culture that results from the "melting pot" or assimilation model. Pluralism tends to focus on differences within the whole, while multiculturalism emphasizes the individual groups that make up the whole.
  • The term multiculturalism is also used to refer to strategies and measures intended to promote diversity.
  • According to Wikipedia, the word was first used in 1957 to describe Switzerland, but came into common currency in Canada in the late 1960s.

9

MULTIRACIAL/Mixed-race

  • Describe people whose parents are not the same race.
  • Is more commonly used to describe a society or group of people from more than one racial or ethnic group.
  • Mulato (for people of partly African descent) and mestizo (people of partly Native American descent) in Spanish and métis in Candian French (for people of mixed white and original inhabitants of Canada descent) are also used in English.

10

MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS

Analysis of the relationships between three or more variables (as opposed to bivariate analysis, which involves two variables, or univariate analysis which involves one).

11

MYTH

 Story told in one's culture to explain things like the creation of the world, and the behaviour of its inhabitants.

12

MYTHOLOGY

  • A body or collection of myths belonging to a people and addressing their origin, history, deities, ancestors, and heroes.
  • Refers to the branch of knowledge dealing with the collection, study and interpretation of myths symbolically.
  • If interpreted literally rather than symbolically mythology becomes psychology misread as biography, history and cosmology. The American Joseph Campbell (1904-1987) was one of the most famous mythologists.

13

NATION

  • Earlier a synonym for "ethnic group," designating a single culture sharing a language, religion, history, territory, ancestry, and kinship.
  • Now usually a synonym for state or nation-state.

14

NATIONAL CHARACTER

  • Studies based on the assumption that collectively members of a society have a distinctive set of psychological qualities.
  • Has been replaced by the concept of core values.

15

NATIONAL CULTURE

Cultural experiences, beliefs, learned behavior patterns, and values shared by citizens of the same nation.