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Medicine Term One > Fungus > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fungus Deck (23):
1

What is a fungi

eukaryote that lacks chlorophyll and forms spores

2

Whats the major informal types of Fungi

moulds, yeasts or mushrooms

3

What does it mean that Fungi are chemo-organotrophic

organisms which oxidize the chemical bonds in organic compounds as their energy source

4

Whats contained in the cell wall

polysaccharides, often chitin or glucan

5

What does the cell wall do

absorb nutrients

6

What is the classification of fungi mainly based on

morphology

7

What are fungi composed of

hyphae filaments

8

Yeast fungi favour what habitat

unicellular

9

What are the three main divisions of Fungi

Basidomycetes (mould, mushroom)
Ascomytes (mould, yeast mushroom)
Zygomyctes (Mould)
ABZ

10

Whats the asexual spores for Basidomycetes and Ascomytes (asexual spore for zygomyctes)

Condium - a spore produced asexually by various fungi at the tip of a specialized hypha
(sporangiospore)

11

What is the sexual spores of the 3 main division

Basidospores
ascopores
zygospores

12

What are the two clinical fungal infections

Systemic
Dermatophtic

13

What is Dermatrophic

Fungi that digest keratin as nutrient resources and causes ringworm
i.e. attack the skin

14

Ringworm infection classed as

Tinea: Facei, barabae, corpusin, curin, manum, pedis,

15

Whats the most common systemic fungal

Candida

16

Examples of candida

Oral/vaginal thrush
Skin/ nail infections

17

Most abundant candida

Candida albicans
candida tropicais
candida glabrata

18

If you are immunosuppressed what happens

more likely to get candida infection

19

Causes of immunosuppression

Cancer therapy, reduces immune system
Introduction of antibiotic as decreases competition as gets rid of gut flora

20

The fungal infection of Aspergillosis causes what diseases

simple asthma
aspergillosis

21

How does the infection of aspergillosis occur

inhalation of conidium (a sexual spore)

22

What are the main diseases of Cryptococcus

meningitis

23

What are the main systemic fungal infections

aspergillosis (lungs)
Candida albicans
Cryptococcus (head)
Superficial mycoses (feet)