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Medicine Term One > Fungus > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fungus Deck (23)
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1
Q

What is a fungi

A

eukaryote that lacks chlorophyll and forms spores

2
Q

Whats the major informal types of Fungi

A

moulds, yeasts or mushrooms

3
Q

What does it mean that Fungi are chemo-organotrophic

A

organisms which oxidize the chemical bonds in organic compounds as their energy source

4
Q

Whats contained in the cell wall

A

polysaccharides, often chitin or glucan

5
Q

What does the cell wall do

A

absorb nutrients

6
Q

What is the classification of fungi mainly based on

A

morphology

7
Q

What are fungi composed of

A

hyphae filaments

8
Q

Yeast fungi favour what habitat

A

unicellular

9
Q

What are the three main divisions of Fungi

A

Basidomycetes (mould, mushroom)
Ascomytes (mould, yeast mushroom)
Zygomyctes (Mould)
ABZ

10
Q

Whats the asexual spores for Basidomycetes and Ascomytes (asexual spore for zygomyctes)

A

Condium - a spore produced asexually by various fungi at the tip of a specialized hypha
(sporangiospore)

11
Q

What is the sexual spores of the 3 main division

A

Basidospores
ascopores
zygospores

12
Q

What are the two clinical fungal infections

A

Systemic

Dermatophtic

13
Q

What is Dermatrophic

A

Fungi that digest keratin as nutrient resources and causes ringworm
i.e. attack the skin

14
Q

Ringworm infection classed as

A

Tinea: Facei, barabae, corpusin, curin, manum, pedis,

15
Q

Whats the most common systemic fungal

A

Candida

16
Q

Examples of candida

A

Oral/vaginal thrush

Skin/ nail infections

17
Q

Most abundant candida

A

Candida albicans
candida tropicais
candida glabrata

18
Q

If you are immunosuppressed what happens

A

more likely to get candida infection

19
Q

Causes of immunosuppression

A

Cancer therapy, reduces immune system

Introduction of antibiotic as decreases competition as gets rid of gut flora

20
Q

The fungal infection of Aspergillosis causes what diseases

A

simple asthma

aspergillosis

21
Q

How does the infection of aspergillosis occur

A

inhalation of conidium (a sexual spore)

22
Q

What are the main diseases of Cryptococcus

A

meningitis

23
Q

What are the main systemic fungal infections

A

aspergillosis (lungs)
Candida albicans
Cryptococcus (head)
Superficial mycoses (feet)

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