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Flashcards in Gram negative Deck (24)
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1
Q

What are the two main gram negative cocci bacteria

A

neisseria

Moraxella

2
Q

What are the two species of neisseria bacteria

A

neisseria meningitis

Neisseria gonorrhoea

3
Q

What infection does cocci Moraxella cause

A

respiratory tract infection

4
Q

What bacteria is both cocci and bacilli

A

Haemophilis influenza

5
Q

What shape bacteria is coliforms

A

bacilli

6
Q

What coliforms are lactose fermenters

A

Ecoli

Klebisella

7
Q

E.coli
Klebisella
proteus
are all what

A

gut commensals coliforms

8
Q

What coliform bacteria species is a gut pathogen and what do they both cause

A

salmonella
shigella
diarrhoea

9
Q

What are bacteria species are grown on MacConkeys agar

A

Ecoli

Klebisella

10
Q

What are the two forms of e.coli

A

enterotoxogenic - travelers diarrhoea

enterohaemorrhagic - bloody diarrhoea

11
Q

Pseudomonas is a water and soil organism what shape of bacteria is it

A

Bacilli

12
Q

What diseases does Pseudomonas cause

A

UTI
Pneumonia
Respiratory infection (in cystic fibrosis)

13
Q

What is microaeophilic bacteria

A

Bacili shaped bacteria that like low levels of oxygen

14
Q

What are the two different shaped bacili microaeophilic bacteria

A

small curved - Campylobacter

spiral - heliobacter pylori

15
Q

What are the three bacilli anaerobes

A

Bacteroides
Prevotella
Porphyromonas

16
Q

What anaerobes are part of oral flora
what do the cause
what happens if they enter the blood stream

A

Prevotella
Porphyromonas
Dental abscess
Pneumonia

17
Q

Where is bacilli anaerobe bacteroides found and what does it cause

A

Colnic flora

abdominal abscess

18
Q

What is the normal habitat for microaerophilic helicobacter pylori bacteria and what does it cause

A

Stomach

Gastritis (ulcers)

19
Q

What is the source of microaeophilic Campylobacter and what does it cause

A

Domestic animals

Diarrhoea

20
Q

What is the two different species of coliform salmonella bacteria and what do they both cause

A

Sakmonella enterica - diarrohea

Salmonella typhi - typhoid fever (constipation)

21
Q

What do the coliform gut commensals e.coli, proteus, klebisella all cause

A

UTI

22
Q

List the lactose fermenting bacteria

A

e.coli

klebsielle

23
Q

List the lactose non fermenters

A

Proteus
Shigella
Salmonella
pseudomonas

24
Q

What is used to differentiate gram negative cocci bacteria

A

Biochemical test

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