Flashcards in Chap 1, Prefixes Deck (35)
no, not, without
a decrease in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
emia = blood condition
Anemia is a decreased number of erythrocytes or an abnormality of the hemoglobin (a chemical) within the red blood cells. This results in decreased delivery of oxygen to cells of the body. Anemic patients look so pale that early physicians thought they were literally "without blood."
examination of a dead body (cadaver or corpse) to determine the cause of death and nature of disease
-opsy = process of viewing
This term literally means "process of viewing by oneself." Hence, an autopsy is the examination of a dead body with one's own eyes to determine the cause of death and nature of disease.
state of complete knowledge; information gathered about a patient's illness
specialist of inwardly secreting glands (endocrine glands)
pertaining to above or upon the stomach
outer layer of skin; above the dermis layer
This outermost layer of skin lies above the middle layer of skin, known as the dermis.
out, outside of, outward
process of cutting out; to resection
-ion = process
glands that secrete chemicals outside the body (i.e.: tears, sweat, sebum)
excessive, above, more than normal
condition of excessively secreting hormone (thyroxine) from the thyroid gland
-ism = process or condition
deficient, below, under, less than normal
pertaining to below the stomach
When hypo- is used with a part of the body, it means below.
condition of low blood sugar
In this term, hypo- means deficient.
process of cutting into; to section
cis/o = to cut
-ion = process
structure (membrane) surrounding the heart
The suffix -um means a structure. The pericardium is the membrane that surrounds the heart.
exocrine gland in front of (before) the urinary bladder in males
This exocrine gland "stands" (-state) before or in front of the urinary bladder. It produces semen, which contains fluid and sperm cells.
back, backward, again
sect = to cut
This is an operation in which tissue is "cut back" or removed. The Latin resectio means a trimming or pruning.
pertaining to behind the heart
pertaining to below the liver
pertaining to across or through the liver
Terms ending in -is (diagnosis, prognosis) form their plural by dropping the -is and adding -es.