Chap 15, Abbreviations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 15, Abbreviations Deck (34)
1

AC

acromioclavicular (joint)

2

ACL

anterior cruciate ligament of the knee

3

ANA

antinuclear antibody -- indicator of systemic lupus erythematosus

4

BKA

below-knee amputation

5

BMD

Bone mineral density

6

C1 to C7

cervical vertebrae

7

Ca

calcium

8

CK

creatine kinase -- enzyme elevated in muscle disease

9

CMC

carpometacarpal (joint)

10

CTS

carpal tunnel syndrome

11

DEXA or DXA

dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry -- a test of bone mineral density

12

DMARD

disease-modifying antirheumatic drug

13

DO

doctor of osteopathy

14

DTRs

deep tendon reflexes

15

EMG

electromyography

16

ESR (sed rate)

erythrocyte sedimentation rate -- indicates inflammation

17

HNP

herniated nucleus pulposus

18

IM

intramuscular

19

L1 to L5

lumbar vertebrae

20

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug -- often prescribed to treat musculoskeletal disorders -- often prescribed to treat musculoskeletal disorders

21

OA

osteoarthritis

22

ORIF

open reduction (of fracture)/internal fixation

23

ortho

orthopedics (or orthopaedics)

24

OT

occupational therapy -- helps patients with impaired musculoskeletal function perform activities of daily living and function in work-related situations

25

P

phosphorus

26

PT

physical therapy -- helps patients regain use of muscles and joints after injury or surgery

27

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

28

RF

rheumatoid factor

29

ROM

range of motion

30

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

31

T1 to T12

thoracic vertebrae

32

TKR

total knee replacement/arthroplasty

33

THR

total hip replacement/arthroplasty

34

TMJ

temporomandibular joint

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