Flashcards in Chap 13, Blood System, Vocabulary Deck (42)
Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood
Specific protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens. An antibody is specific to an antigen and inactivates it.
Substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of an antibody.
White blood cell containing granules that stain blue; associated with release of histamine and heparin.
Orange-yellow pigment in bile; formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin when red blood cells are destroyed.
colony-stimulating factor (CSF)
Protein that stimulates growth of white blood cells (granulocytes).
Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; specialization.
Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge.
White blood cell containing granules that stain red; associated with allergic reactions.
Immature red blood cell.
Red blood cell. There are about 5 million per microliter (µL) or cubic millimeter (mm3) of blood.
Hormone secreted by the kidneys; stimulates red blood cell formation.
Protein that forms the basis of a blood clot.
Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process.
Plasma protein; alpha, beta, and gamma (immune) globulins are examples.
White blood cell with numerous dark-staining granules: eosinophil, neutrophil, and basophil.
hematopoietic stem cell
Cell in the bone marrow that gives rise to all types of blood cells.
Blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells.
Destruction or breakdown of blood (red blood cells).
Anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells.
Response of the immune system to foreign invasion.
Protein (globulin) with antibody activity; examples are IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE, IgD. Immun/o means protection.
White blood cell.
Mononuclear leukocyte that produces antibodies
Monocyte that migrates from the blood to tissue spaces. As a phagocyte, it engulfs foreign material and debris. In the liver, spleen, and bone marrow, macrophages destroy worn out red blood cells.
Large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow.
Leukocyte with one large nucleus. It is a cell that engulfs foreign material and debris. Monocytes become macrophages as they leave the blood and enter body tissues.
Pertaining to a cell (leukocyte) with a single round nucleus; lymphocytes and monocytes are mononuclear leukocytes.
Immature bone marrow that gives rise to granulocytes.
Granulocytic leukocyte formed in bone marrow. It is a phagocytic tissue-fighting cell. Also called a polymorphonuclear leukocyte.
Liquid portion of blood; contains water, proteins, salts, nutrients, lipids, hormones, and vitamins.
Removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge. Collected cells are tetransfused back into the donor. Fresh-frozen plasma or salt solution is used to replace withdrawn plasma.
Small blood fragment that collects at sites of injury to begin the clotting process.
Pertaining to a white blood cell with a multilobed; neutrophil.
Plasma protein; converted to thrombin in the clotting process.
Immature erythrocyte. A network of strands (reticulin) is seen after staining the cell with special dyes.
Antigen on red blood cells of Rh-positive (Rh+) individuals. The factor was first identified in the blood of a rhesus monkey.
Plasma minus clotting proteins and cells. Clear, yellowish fluid that separates from blood when it is allowed to clot. It is formed from plasma, but does not contain protein-coagulation factors.
Unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specialized forms. A hematopoietic stem cell is the progenitor for all different types of blood cells.
Enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation.