Chap 19, Terminology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 19, Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 19, Terminology Deck (83)
1

alveol/o

small sac

2

alveolar

Pertaining to tumor growth in small microscopic sacs (descriptive of connective tissue tumors - sarcomas).

3

cac/o

bad

4

cachexia

General ill health and malnutrition associated with chronic disease such as cancer.

5

carcin/o

cancer, cancerous

6

carcinoma in situ

Localized tumor growth

7

cauter/o

burn, heat

8

electrocauterization

Burning tissue to destroy it (using electricity).

9

chem/o

chemical, drug

10

chemotherapy

Treatment using drugs.

11

cry/o

cold

12

cryosurgery

Destruction of tissue using cold temperatures.

13

cyst/o

sac of fluid

14

cystic tumor

Tumor forms with large open spaces filled with fluid.

15

fibr/o

fibers

16

fibrosarcoma

Malignant tumor of fiber-producing cells (flesh or connective tissue origin).

17

follicul/o

small glandular sacs

18

follicular

Pertaining to microscopic description of tumor growth in small gland-type sacs.

19

fung/i

fungus, mushroom

20

fungating tumor

Mushrooming pattern of growth in which tumor cells pile one on top of another and project from the tissue surface.

21

medull/o

soft, inner part

22

medullary tumor

Large, soft, fleshy tumor.

23

mucos/o

mucous membrane

24

mucositis

Inflammation of mucous membranes.

25

mut/a

genetic change

26

mutation

Change in the genetic material of a cell (-tion means process).

27

mutagen/o

causing genetic change

28

mutagenic

Pertaining to producing mutation.

29

necr/o

death

30

necrotic tumor

Tumor containing dead cells.

31

neur/o

nerve

32

neurofibromatosis

Tumors of fibrous connective tissue surrounding nerve cells (neurofibromas). This is a genetic disorder.

33

onc/o

tumor

34

oncology

Study of tumors.

35

papill/o

nipple-like

36

papillary

Pertaining to tumors that grow in small nipple-like or finger-like pattern.

37

plas/o

formation

38

dysplastic

Pertaining to abnormal growth of cells but not clearly cancerous.

39

ple/o

many, more

40

pleomorphic

Pertaining to tumors that contain a variety of cell types.

41

polyp/o

polyp

42

polypoid tumor

Tumors that grow as projections extending outward from a base.

43

prot/o

first

44

protocol

Detailed plan for treatment of illness.

45

radi/o

rays

46

radiation

Use of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

47

sarc/o

flesh, connective tissue

48

osteosarcoma

Malignant tumor (flesh tissue) of bone.

49

scirrh/o

hard

50

scirrhous

Pertaining to hard, densely packed tumors, overgrown with fibrous tissue.

51

xer/o

dry

52

xerostomia

Condition of dry mouth.

53

-blastoma

immature tumor

54

retinoblastoma

Tumor of the retina of the eye (embryonic cells); congenital and hereditary tumor.

55

neuroblastoma

Cancerous tumor of embryonic nervous tissue; a sarcoma composed of neuroblasts and affecting infants and children up to 10 years of age. The tumor usually arises in the autonomic nervous system.

56

-genesis

formation

57

angiogenesis

Formation of blood vessels.

58

-oma

mass, tumor

59

adenocarcinoma

Cancerous tumor of glandular tissue.

60

-plasia

formation, growth

61

hyperplasia

Condition of increased growth of cells (in numbers).

62

-plasm

formation, growth

63

neoplasm

New growth (tumor).

64

-suppression

to stop

65

myelosuppression

Stopping or inhibiting the growth of bone marrow tissue. This means that blood cells (leukocytes, erythrocytes, and platelets), normally formed in bone marrow, are not produced.

66

-therapy

treatment

67

radiotherapy

Ionizing radiation used to treat malignancies.

68

-gen

substance that produces

69

ana-

backward

70

anaplasia

Reversion of cells to a more embryonic type (as happens in malignancy).

71

apo-

off, away

72

apoptosis

Programmed cell death.

73

brachy-

short (distance)

74

brachytherapy

Implantation of small sealed containers or seeds of radioactive material directly or near tumors.

75

epi-

upon

76

epidermoid

Resembling epidermal tissue (tumors that arise from aberrant epidermal cells). Aberrant means unusual or abnormal; diverging from the normal type.

77

meta-

beyond; change

78

metastasis

The spread of a malignant tumor from its original location to a distant site.

79

metaplasia

Abnormal transformation of adult differentiated cells to differentiated tissue of another kind.

80

tele-

far

81

teletherapy or external beam radiotherapy

Radiation therapy using high-energy beams from a distant (tele-) source, such as a linear accelerator or cyclotron (proton therapy).

82

ipsi-

same

83

later/o

side

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