Flashcards in Chap 1, Basic Word Structure, Comb Forms Deck (100)
tumor of a gland
The suffix -oma means tumor or mass.
inflammation of a gland
The suffix -itis means inflammation.
inflammation of a joint(s)
process of study of life
The suffix -logy is composed of the root log (study) and the final suffix -y (process or condition).
To remove & view living tissue under microscope.
The suffix -opsy means process of viewing. Living tissue is removed from the body and viewed under a microscope.
malignant tumor or mass
A carcinoma is a cancerous tumor. Carcinomas grow from the epithelial (surface or skin) cells that cover the outside of the body and line organs, cavities, and tubes within the body.
study of the heart
pertaining to the head
The suffix -ic means pertaining to. A cephalic presentation describes a "head first" position for the delivery of an infant.
What is the most common form of skin cancer or carcinoma of the skin?
Basal cell carcinoma
cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
pertaining to largest part of the brain - cerebrum
The suffix -al means pertaining to.
process of cutting into
The prefix in- means into, and the suffix -ion means process.
process of cutting out
The prefix ex- means out.
to secrete (to form and give off)
glands that secrete hormones within the body
The prefix endo- means within; endocrine glands (e.g., thyroid, pituitary, and adrenal glands) secrete hormones directly within (into) the bloodstream. Other glands, called exocrine glands, release their secretion (e.g., saliva, sweat, tears) through tubes (ducts) to the outside of the body.
urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
process of visual examination of the urinary bladder
The suffix -scopy is a complex suffix that includes the root scop, meaning visual examination, and the final suffix -y, meaning process.
Many suffixes, like -scopy, contain an embedded root word. Other examples are -opsy (ops is a root) and -logy (log is a root).
Study of cells
Examples of blood cells
1) erythrocytes (red blood cells)
2) leukocytes (a type of white blood cells)
3) Thrombocytes or platelets (clotting cells)
Cerebrum and the functions it controls:
Sensation from body
inflammation of the skin
pertaining to under or beneath skin
The prefix hypo- means under or below.
record of the electricity of heart
The suffix -gram means record. Abbreviated ECG (or sometimes EKG).
record of the electricity of brain.
The suffix -gram means record. Abbreviated EEG.
intestines (usually the small intestine)
inflammation of the small intestine or of the intestines
The small intestine is narrower but much longer than the large intestine (colon).
A red blood cell
The suffix -cyte means cell. Erythrocytes carry oxygen in the blood.
removal of the stomach
The suffix -ectomy means excision or removal. All or, more commonly, part of the stomach is removed.
incision of the stomach
The suffix -tomy is another complex suffix, which contains the root tom, meaning to cut, and the final suffix -y, meaning process of.
condition of increased blood sugar
The prefix hyper- means excessive, above, or more than normal. The suffix -emia means blood condition.
state of complete knowledge
The prefix dia- means complete. The suffix -sis means state or condition of. A diagnosis is made after sufficient information has been obtained about the patient's condition. Literally, it is a "state of complete knowledge."
prediction about the outcome of illness
The prefix pro- means before. Literally "knowledge before," a prognosis is a prediction about the outcome of an illness, but it is always given after the diagnosis has been determined.
study of females & female diseases
study of blood
a mass or collection of blood
In this term, -oma means a mass or collection of blood, rather than a growth of cells (tumor). A hematoma forms when blood escapes from blood vessels and collects as a clot in a cavity or organ or under the skin.
blood protein found in red blood cells
The suffix -globin means protein. Hemoglobin carries oxygen in red blood cells.
inflammation of the liver
producing adverse effects from medical treatment
The suffix -genic means pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in. Iatrogenic conditions are adverse effects that result from treatment or intervention by a physician.
white blood cell
This blood cell helps the body fight disease.
study of skin
inflammation of kidney
study of the kidney
study of nerves
study of tumors
specialist in the study of tumors
The suffix -ist means one who specializes in a field of medicine (or other profession).
visual measuring instrument of eyes
The suffix -scope means an instrument for visual examination. (To help with spelling, notice that just as there are two eyes, there are two "h"s in this term.)
inflammation of the bone
inflammation of bone and joints
This condition of aging is actually a degeneration of bones and joints often accompanied by inflammation.
study of disease(s)
one who studies diseases.
A pathologist examines biopsy samples microscopically and examines dead bodies to determine the cause of death.
pertaining to treatment of children
Notice that ped/o is also in the term orthopedist. Orthopedists once were doctors who straightened (orth/o means straight) children's bones and corrected deformities. Nowadays, orthopedists specialize in disorders of bones and muscles in people of all ages.
study of mind
specialist in the treatment of the mind
study of x-rays
Low-energy x-rays are used for diagnostic imaging.
pertaining to kidney
Ren/o (Latin) and nephr/o (Greek) both mean kidney. Ren/o is used with -al (Latin) to describe the kidney, whereas nephr/o is used with other suffixes such as -osis, -itis, and -ectomy (Greed) to describe abnormal conditions and operative procedures.
inflammation of the nose
tumor of connective (fleshy) tissue
This is a cancerous (malignant) tumor. A sarcoma grows from cells of "fleshy" connective tissue such as muscle, bone, and fat, whereas a carcinoma (another type of cancerous tumor) grows from epithelial cells that line the outside of the body or the inside of organs in the body.
process of cutting out, removal
The prefix re- means back. S resection is a cutting back in the sense of cutting out or removal 9excision). A gastric resection is a gastrectomy, or excision of the stomach.
a clotting cell (platelet)
Also known as platelets, these cells help clot blood. A thrombus is the actual clot that forms, and thrombosis (-osis means condition) is the condition of clot formation.
urinary tract, urine
study of urinary tract
A urologist is a surgeon who operates on the organs of the urinary tract and the organs of the male reproductive system.