Flashcards in Chap 13, Blood System, Terminology Deck (49)
White blood cell (leukocyte) containing dark granules that stain with a basic dye. The suffix -phil means attraction to.
Pert. to a deficiency in colour; decrease in hemoglobin in red blood cells. Hypochromic anemia is marked by a decreased concentration of hemoglobin in red blood cells.
Substance that prevents blood clotting.
Disease of blood clotting.
Study of cells.
A granular white blood cell with cytoplasmic granules that stain with eosin (a reddish dye).
Immature, developing red blood cell. (-blast means immature).
White blood cell with numerous dark-staining granules;eosinophil, neutrophil, and basophil.
Destruction of red blood cells. Destruction or breakdown of red blood cells. See hemolytic anemia.
Percentage of red blood cells in a given volume of blood. The suffix -crit means to separate. The hematocrit gives the percentage of RBCs in a volume of blood.
Disease or defect of hemoglobin production. Sickle cell anemia is an example.
Inequality in the size of red blood cells. An abnormality of red blood cells; they are of unequal (anis/o) size; -cytosis means an increase in the number of cells.
Large, giant cell with a big nucleus; platelet precursor found in the bone marrow.
Deficiency of white blood cells.
White blood cell with one large nucleus; capable of killing foreign substances by phagocytosis (ingestion). The cell has a single, rather than a multilobed, nucleus.
Study of the shape or form of cells.
Immature granulocytic white blood cell; a cell normally only found in the bone marrow. The suffix -blast indicates an immature cell.
Abnormal (ineffective) production of myeloid cells in bone marrow. (-plasia means development, formation, growth; increased # of cell growth). This is a preleukemic condition.
Deficiency in neutrophils. This term refers to neutrophils.
Pert. to a multilobed nucleus (in granulocytic white blood cells).
Cells that engulf another cell or foreign organism and destroys it.
Variation in the shape of red blood cells. Irregularity in the shape of red blood cells. Poikilocytosis occurs in certain types of anemia.
Deficiency of iron in the blood.
Increase in numbers of sphere-shaped RBCs, as in a type of anemia (hemolytic anemia). In this condition, the erythrocyte has a round shape, making the cell fragile and easity able to be destroyed.
Deficiency of clotting cells.
Removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge. A centrifuge spins blood to remove plasma from the other parts of blood.
Mechanical separation of white blood cells from the rest of the blood.
Separation of platelets from the rest of the blood. Note that the a of apheresis is dropped in this term. Platelets are removed from the donor's blood (and used in a patient), and the remainder of the blood is reinfused into the donor.
Abnormal condition (slight increase in #'s) of macrocytes. Presence of large red blood cells in the blood. Macrocytes are erythrocytes that are larger (macro-) than normal.
Abnormal condition. Increased numbers of smaller than normal red blood cells. These are erythrocytes that are smaller (micro-) than normal.
Disease of high numbers of malignant (cancerous) white blood cells.
Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process. Fibrin is a protein that forms the basis of a blood clot.
Blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells.
Antibodies (proteins) secreted by B-cell lymphocytes (plasma cells). Protein (antibody produced by plasma cells) that acts to protect the body by destroying antigens.
Treatment with drugs to break down clots that may abnormally form in blood vessels. Used to dissolve clots.
Derived from bone marrow.
Abnormal condition of clot formation in a blood vessel. Abnormal condition of clotting.
Deficiency of granulocytes (white blood cells).
Deficiency of all blood cells.
Large phagocytic cell (in blood and tissues) that eats (engulfs) other cells. A large phagocyte that destroys worn-out red blood cells and foreign material. It is derived from a monocyte.
Increase in numbers of eosinophils in the bloodstream.
Increased numbers of neutrophils.
Technique used to separate serum proteins by electrical charge. Separation of proteins in a solution by using an electric current (used to separate protein fractions of serum, urine, or cerebrospinal fluid).
Formation of blood cells.
Formation of erythrocytes (red blood cells). Erythropoietin is produced by the kidneys to stimulate erythrocyte formation.
Formation of bone marrow.
Stoppage of bleeding or circulation of blood or stoppage of the flow of blood.