Chap 16, Terminology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 16, Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 16, Terminology Deck (63)
1

adip/o

fat (see lip/o and steat/o)

2

adipose

pertaining to fat

3

albin/o

white

4

albinism

Inherited condition of absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes.

5

caus/o

burn, burning

6

causalgia

Intense burning sensation in the skin due to peripheral nerve damage

7

cauter/o

heat, burn

8

electrocautery

An instrument containing a needle or blade used during surgery to burn through tissue by means of an electrical current. Electrocauterization is very effective in minimizing blood loss. (removal of warts or polyps)

9

cutane/o

skin (see derm/o)

10

subcutaneous

Pertaining to the 3rd layer of the skin, under the epidermis and dermis (cutaneous layers). The subcutaneous layer contains fatty tissue.

11

derm/o, dermat/o

skin

12

epidermis

Outermost layer of the skin.

13

dermatitis

Inflammation of skin.

14

dermatologist

Specialist in the study (diagnosis and treatment) of skin diseases & disorders.

15

dermatoplasty

Surgical repair of the skin.

16

dermabrasion

Abrasion means a scraping away. Dermabrasion is a surgical procedure using a sandpaper-like material (or other other mechanical methods are used) to remove acne scars, tattoos, and fine wrinkles.

17

epidermolysis

Loosening of the skin. Loosening of the epidermis with the development of large blisters (bullae); occurs after injury, or with blister-producing disease.

18

diaphor/o

profuse sweating (see hidr/o)

19

diaphoresis

Condition of profuse sweating. Commonly called sweating.

20

erythem/o, erythemat/o

redness

21

erythema

Condition of redness of the skin (flushing). Flushing; widespread redness of the skin. Erythematous means pertaining to erythema.

22

hidr/o

Sweat. Do not confuse hidr/o with hydr/o (water)

23

anhidrosis

Condition of lack of sweat or absence of sweating.

24

ichthy/o

dry, scaly (fish-like)

25

ichthyosis

Hereditary condition in which the skin is dry, rough, and scaly (resembling fish scales) because of a defect in keratinization. Ichthyosis also can be acquired, appearing with malignancies such as lymphomas and multiple myeloma.

26

kerat/o

hard

27

keratosis

Abnormal condition of thickened areas of the skin. Excessive development of hard, keratinized tissue on the skin.

28

leuk/o

white

29

leukoplakia

Condition of white plaques on mucous membranes and surfaces of the body. The suffix -plakia means plaques.

30

lip/o

fat

31

lipoma

Benign tumor of fatty tissue.

32

liposuction

Removal of subcutaneous adipose (fat) tissue through a blunt-tipped cannula (tube) that is introduced into the fatty area via a small incision. The fat is aspirated (suctioned out).

33

melan/o

black

34

melanoma

This is a malignant skin tumor. Tumor of melanocytes.

35

melanocyte

Cell in the basal layer of the epidermis that produces melanin.

36

myc/o

fungus (fungi include yeasts, molds, and mushrooms)

37

mycosis

Any disease caused by fungus. An example of a mycosis (fungal infection) is tinea pedis, commonly called "athlete's foot". Another fungal infection is tinea corporis (ringworm).

38

onych/o

nail (see ungu/o)

39

onycholysis

Separation of the nail plate from the nail bed in fungal infections or after trauma. Onycholysis is often seen in psoriasis.

40

onychomycosis

Fungal infection of the nails, which become white, opaque, thick, and brittle.

41

paronychia

Inflammation and swelling of the soft tissue around the nail and is associated with torn cuticles or ingrown nails.

42

phyt/o

plant

43

dermatophytosis

Fungal infection of the skin.

44

pil/o

hair (see trich/o), hair follicle

45

pilosebaceous

Pertaining to hair follicles and sebaceous glands.

46

py/o

pus

47

pyoderma

Condition of pus infection within the skin. Impetigo is a purulent (pus-containing) skin disease caused by bacterial infection.

48

rhytid/o

wrinkle

49

rhytidectomy

Removal of wrinkles. Cosmetic plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and excess skin; also call rhytidoplasty or face lift. Laser treatments, Botox Cosmetic (purified botulinum toxin) injections, and injectable fillers are used to soften lines and wrinkles.

50

seb/o

sebum (oily secretion from sebaceous glands)

51

seborrhea

Excessive secretion from sebaceous glands. Seborrheic dermatitis commonly is known as dandruff.

52

squam/o

scale-like

53

squamous epithelium

Pertaining to flat, scale-like layer of cells that cover the outside of the body (epidermis) and line the inner tubes of the body.

54

steat/o

fat

55

steatoma

Collection of sebum in a cyst or sac-like formation that forms in a sebaceous gland and can become infected; sebaceous cyst.

56

trich/o

hair

57

hypertrichosis

Abnormal condition of excessive amount of hair growth.

58

ungu/o

nail

59

subungual

Pertaining to under a nail.

60

xanth/o

yellow

61

xanthoma

Nodules develop under the skin owing to excess lipid deposits and can be associated with a high cholesterol level. A xanthoma that appears on the eyelids is a xanthelasma (-elasma = a flat plate).

62

xer/o

dry

63

xerosis

Abnormal condition of very dry, rough skin.

Decks in Medical Terminology, LOM Class (88):