Chap 1, Suffixes Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 1, Suffixes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 1, Suffixes Deck (54)
1

-ac

pertaining to

2

-cardiac

pertaining to heart

3

-al

pertaining to

4

neural

pertaining to nerves

5

-algia

pain

6

arthralgia

joint pain

7

-cyte

cell

8

erythrocyte

red blood cell

9

-ectomy

excision, removal

10

nephrectomy

removal (resection) of a kidney

11

-emia

blood condition

12

leukemia

blood condition of white cells; malignant (cancerous) condition

Literally, this term means "a blood condition of white (blood cells)." Actually, it is a condition of blood in which cancerous white blood cells proliferate (increase in number).

13

-genic

pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in

14

carcinogenic

pertaining to producing cancer

15

pathogenic

pertaining to producing disease

A virus or a bacterium is a pathogenic organism.

16

iatrogenic

pertaining to produced by medical treatment

In this term, -genic means produced by.

17

-globin

protein

18

hemoglobin

blood protein

19

-gram

record

20

electroencephalogram

record of the electricity of the brain

21

-ic, -ical

pertaining to

22

gastric

pertaining to stomach

23

neurologic

pertaining to study of the nerves

Log/o means study of.

24

-ion

process

25

excision

process of cutting out; removal

26

-ist

specialist

27

ophthalmologist

specialist in the study of, diagnosing and treating disorders of the eye

28

-itis

inflammation

29

cystitis

inflammation of the urinary bladder

30

-logy

process of study

31

endocrinology

study of the endocrine glands

32

-oma

tumor, mass, swelling

33

hepatoma

tumor (malignant) of the liver

A hepatoma (hepatocellular carcinoma) is a malignant tumor of the liver.

34

-opsy

process of viewing

35

biopsy

process of viewing life; removal of living tissue for microscopic examination

Biopsy specimens are obtained and viewed under a microscope.

36

Ophthalmologist

a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating (surgically and medically) disorder of the eye

37

Optometrist

a healthcare professional who examines (metr/o = to measure) eyes and prescribes corrective lenses and may treat eye diseases

38

Optician

a person who grinds lenses and fits glasses but does not examine eyes, prescribe corrective lenses, or treat eye diseases

39

-osis

condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)

40

nephrosis

abnormal condition of kidneys

41

leukocytosis

abnormal increase of normal white blood cells

This condition, a slight increase in normal white blood cells, occurs as WBC's multiply to fight an infection. Don't confuse leukocytosis with leukemia, which is a cancerous (malignant) condition marked by high levels of abnormal, immature WBC'S.

42

-pathy

disease condition

43

enteropathy

disease condition of small intestine

44

adenopathy

disease condition of a gland

45

-scope

instrument to visually examine

46

endoscope

instrument to visually examine within the body

Endo- means within. Acystoscope is a type of endoscope.

47

-scopy

process of visually examining

48

endoscopy

process of visually examining within the body

Endoscopy is performed with an endoscope.

49

-sis

state of; condition

50

prognosis

prediction about the outcome of treatment

pro = before
gnosis = knowledge

51

-tomy

process of cutting, incision

52

osteotomy

incision of a bone

53

-y

process, condition

54

gastroenterology

process of study of the stomach and intestine

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