Chap 15, Pathology, Bones Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 15, Pathology, Bones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 15, Pathology, Bones Deck (19)
1

Ewing sarcoma

Malignant bone tumor occurring in children. Rare malignant tumor arising in bone; most often occurring in children.

2

exostosis

Bony growth arising from the surface of a bone.

3

bunion

Abnormal swelling of the joint between the big toe and the bone of the foot. A swelling of the metatarsophalangeal joint near the base of the big toe and is accompanied by the buildup of soft tissue and underlying bone at the distal/medial aspect of the first metatarsal.

4

fracture

Traumatic breaking of a bone.

5

simple fracture (closed)

The bone is broken but there is no open would in the skin.

6

compound fracture (open)

The bone is broken and a fragment of bone protrudes through an open wound in the skin.

7

Colles fracture (wrist)

Near the wrist at distal end of the radius.

8

comminuted fracture

Bone is splintered and crushed into several pieces.

9

compression fracture

Bone collapses or is compressed; occurs in vertebrae.

10

greenstick fracture

Bone is partially broken; breaks on one surface and bends on another; often occurring in forearm.

11

Impacted fracture

One fragment is driven firmly into the other fragment; at the head of the femur or head of the humerus.

12

osteogenic sarcoma (osteosarcoma)

Malignant (cancerous) tumor of bone tissue.

13

osteomalacia

Softening of bones with inadequate amounts of mineral (calcium) in the bone.

14

osteomyelitis

Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection.

15

osteoporosis

Decrease in bone density (mass); thinning and weakening of bone. Bones become thin, weak, brittle, and break easily.

16

Kyphosis

Abnormal condition of outward curvature (convexity) of the thoracic spine.

17

lordosis

Forward curvature of the lumbar spinal column. In its extreme form it is known as "swayback."

18

scoliosis

Abnormal condition of lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine.

19

talipes

Club foot; foot is fixed in an abnormal position due to a congenital deformity of the ankle and foot.

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