Chap 15, Pathology, Muscles Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 15, Pathology, Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 15, Pathology, Muscles Deck (14)
1

myalgia

Pain of a muscle or muscle pain.

2

myopathy

Disease of muscles.

3

myositis

Inflammation of muscles.

4

rhabdomyoma

Benign tumor of striated, voluntary muscle (attached to bones).

5

rhabdomyosarsoma

Malignant tumor of striated, voluntary or skeletal muscle.

6

sarcopenia

Loss of muscle mass and strength associated with aging. Exercise and strength training can help preserve and enhance muscle mass at any age.

7

myasthenia gravis

Condition of muscle weakness caused by a failure in transmission of nervous impulses from a nerve to muscle cell.

8

atrophy

Decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; wasting of tissue.

9

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig disease)

Muscles deteriorate (paralysis occurs) as a result of degeneration of nerves in the spinal cord and lower region of the brain.

10

polymyalgia

Pain of many muscles.

11

polymyalgia rheumatica

is a syndrome marked by aching and morning stiffness in the shoulder, hip, or neck for longer than 1 month.

12

muscular dystrophy

Group of inherited disorders/diseases characterized (marked) by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system.

13

Duchenne muscular dystrophy

This is the most common form of muscular dystrophy. Muscles appear to enlarge (pseudohypertrophy) as fat replaces functional muscle cells that have degenerated and atrophied. Onset of muscle weakness occurs soon after birth, and diagnosis can be made by muscle biopsy and electromyography. The disease predominantly affects males; muscle weakness produces stumbling, falling, lordosis, winged (prominent) scapulae, and cardiac problems.

14

polymyositis

Chronic inflammatory myopathy.
This condition is marked by symmetrical muscle weakness and pain, often accompanied by a rash around the eyes and on the face and limbs. Evidence that polymyositis is an autoimmune disorder is growing stronger, and some patients recover completely with immunosuppressive therapy.

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