Flashcards in Chap 15, Pathology, Muscles Deck (14)
Pain of a muscle or muscle pain.
Disease of muscles.
Inflammation of muscles.
Benign tumor of striated, voluntary muscle (attached to bones).
Malignant tumor of striated, voluntary or skeletal muscle.
Loss of muscle mass and strength associated with aging. Exercise and strength training can help preserve and enhance muscle mass at any age.
Condition of muscle weakness caused by a failure in transmission of nervous impulses from a nerve to muscle cell.
Decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; wasting of tissue.
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig disease)
Muscles deteriorate (paralysis occurs) as a result of degeneration of nerves in the spinal cord and lower region of the brain.
Pain of many muscles.
is a syndrome marked by aching and morning stiffness in the shoulder, hip, or neck for longer than 1 month.
Group of inherited disorders/diseases characterized (marked) by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system.
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
This is the most common form of muscular dystrophy. Muscles appear to enlarge (pseudohypertrophy) as fat replaces functional muscle cells that have degenerated and atrophied. Onset of muscle weakness occurs soon after birth, and diagnosis can be made by muscle biopsy and electromyography. The disease predominantly affects males; muscle weakness produces stumbling, falling, lordosis, winged (prominent) scapulae, and cardiac problems.