Chap 15, Terminology, Joints Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 15, Terminology, Joints > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 15, Terminology, Joints Deck (35)
1

ankyl/o

stiff

2

ankylosis

Immobility (fusion) of a joint due to disease, injury, or surgical procedure.

3

arthroplasty

Surgical repair of a joint (with prostheses, metal or plastic); total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) are examples.

4

replacement arthroplasty

Is replacement of one or both bone ends by a prosthesis (artificial part) of metal or plastic.

5

carpometacarpal arthroplasty

Is a treatment for arthritis in the thumb (at the basal joint).

6

arthrotomy

Incision of a joint.

7

arthr/o

joint

8

hemarthrosis

Condition of blood in a joint.

9

hydrarthrosis

Condition of water or fluid in a joint. Synovial fluid collects abnormally in the joint.

10

polyarthritis

Inflammation of many joints.

11

articul/o

joint

12

articular cartilage

Cartilage surrounding bones in a joint. Inflammation of articular cartilage is arthritis, whereas a "torn cartilage" is specifically a tear of a meniscus.

13

burs/o

bursa

14

bursa, (pl. bursae)

Sac of fluid between tendons and bones near a joint.

15

bursitis

Inflammation of a bursa surrounding a joint. Causes of this periarticular condition may be related to stress placed on the bursa or to diseases such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis. The bursa becomes inflamed and movement is limited and painful. Intrabursal injection of corticosteroids and also rest and splinting of the limb are helpful in treatment.

16

chondr/o

cartilage

17

achondroplasia

This is an inherited condition in which the bones of the arms and legs fail to normal size because of a defect in cartilage and bone formation. Dwarfism results, characterized by short limbs and a normal-sized head and trunk (achondroplastic dwarfism).

18

chondroma

Benign tumor of cartilage.

19

chondromalacia

Softening of cartilage.

20

Chondromalacia patellae

is a softening and roughening of the articular cartilaginous surface of the kneecap, resulting in pain, a grating sensation, and mechanical "catching" behind the patella with joint movement.

21

ligament/o

ligament

22

ligamentous

Pertaining to a ligament.

23

rheumat/o

watery flow

24

rheumatologist

Medical doctor specializing in diagnosis and treatment of joint disorders. Various forms of arthritis are marked by collection of fluid in joint spaces.

25

synov/o

synovial membrane

26

synovitis

Inflammation of the synovial membrane lining the synovial joint.

27

ten/o

tendon

28

tenorrhaphy

Suture of a tendon.

29

tenosynovitis

Inflammation of a tendon and its sheath or covering.

30

tendin/o

tendon

31

tendinitis

Inflammation of tendons; tendonitis.

32

-desis

to bind, tie together

33

arthrodesis

Surgical fusion of a joint to eliminate movement. Bones are fused across the joint space by surgery (artificial ankylosis). This operation is performed when a joint is very painful, unstable, or chronically infected.

34

-stenosis

narrowing

35

spinal stenosis

Narrowing of the neural (spinal) canal in the lumbar spine. Symptoms (pain, paresthesias, urinary retention, bowel incontinence) come from compression of the cauda equina (nerves that spread out from the lower end of the spinal cord like a horse's tail).

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