Flashcards in Chap 15, Terminology, Joints Deck (35)
Immobility (fusion) of a joint due to disease, injury, or surgical procedure.
Surgical repair of a joint (with prostheses, metal or plastic); total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) are examples.
Is replacement of one or both bone ends by a prosthesis (artificial part) of metal or plastic.
Is a treatment for arthritis in the thumb (at the basal joint).
Incision of a joint.
Condition of blood in a joint.
Condition of water or fluid in a joint. Synovial fluid collects abnormally in the joint.
Inflammation of many joints.
Cartilage surrounding bones in a joint. Inflammation of articular cartilage is arthritis, whereas a "torn cartilage" is specifically a tear of a meniscus.
bursa, (pl. bursae)
Sac of fluid between tendons and bones near a joint.
Inflammation of a bursa surrounding a joint. Causes of this periarticular condition may be related to stress placed on the bursa or to diseases such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis. The bursa becomes inflamed and movement is limited and painful. Intrabursal injection of corticosteroids and also rest and splinting of the limb are helpful in treatment.
This is an inherited condition in which the bones of the arms and legs fail to normal size because of a defect in cartilage and bone formation. Dwarfism results, characterized by short limbs and a normal-sized head and trunk (achondroplastic dwarfism).
Benign tumor of cartilage.
Softening of cartilage.
is a softening and roughening of the articular cartilaginous surface of the kneecap, resulting in pain, a grating sensation, and mechanical "catching" behind the patella with joint movement.
Pertaining to a ligament.
Medical doctor specializing in diagnosis and treatment of joint disorders. Various forms of arthritis are marked by collection of fluid in joint spaces.
Inflammation of the synovial membrane lining the synovial joint.
Suture of a tendon.
Inflammation of a tendon and its sheath or covering.
Inflammation of tendons; tendonitis.
to bind, tie together
Surgical fusion of a joint to eliminate movement. Bones are fused across the joint space by surgery (artificial ankylosis). This operation is performed when a joint is very painful, unstable, or chronically infected.