Chap 15, Terminology, Muscles Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 15, Terminology, Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 15, Terminology, Muscles Deck (38)
1

fasci/o

fascia (forms sheaths enveloping muscles)

2

fasciotomy

Incision of fascia. Fascia is cut to relieve tension or pressure on muscles.

3

fibr/o

fibrous connective tissue

4

fibromyalgia

Pain of fibrous connective tissue and muscle. Chronic pain and stiffness in muscles, joints, and fibrous tissue, especially of the back, shoulders, neck, hips, and knees. Fatigue is a common complaint. Cause in unknown, and treatment includes physical therapy, stress relief methods, and medications such as Cymbalta (duloxetine) and Lyrica (pregabalin).

5

leiomy/o

smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs

6

leiomyoma

Tumor (benign) of a smooth, involuntary muscle.

7

leiomyosarcoma

Malignant tumor of smooth, involuntary muscle.

8

my/o

muscle

9

myalgia

Pain of a muscle or muscle pain.

10

electromyography

Process of recording the strength of muscle contraction as a result of electrical stimulation.

11

myopathy

Disease of muscles.

12

myocardi/o

heart muscle

13

myocardial

Pertaining to heart muscle.

14

myos/o

muscle

15

myositis

Inflammation of muscles.

16

plant/o

sole of the foot

17

plantar flexion

Bending downward of the sole of the foot.

18

rhabdomy/o

skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones

19

rhabdomyoma

Benign tumor of striated, voluntary muscle (attached to bones).

20

rhabdomyosarcoma

Malignant tumor of striated, voluntary or skeletal muscle.

21

sarc/o

muscle and flesh

22

sarcopenia

Loss of muscle mass and strength associated with aging. Exercise and strength training can help preserve and enhance muscle mass at any age.

23

-asthenia

lack of strength

24

myasthenia gravis

Condition of muscle weakness caused by a failure in transmission of nervous impulses from a nerve to muscle cell.

25

-trophy

development, nourishment

26

atrophy

Decrease in size of a normally developed organ or tissue; wasting of tissue.

27

hypertrophy

Excessive development (increase in cell size).

28

amyotrophic

Pertaining to loss of muscle development

29

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig disease)

Muscles deteriorate (paralysis occurs) as a result of degeneration of nerves in the spinal cord and lower region of the brain.

30

ab-

away from

31

abduction

Process of carrying away (muscle is pulled away from the midline of the body). Duct/o means to lead.

32

ad-

toward

33

adduction

Process of carrying toward (muscle is pulled toward the midline of the body).

34

dorsi-

back

35

dorsiflexion

Upward or backward flexion of a part of the body. Bending a part of the body as in the foot, toes or hand, fingers backward and upward.

36

poly-

many, much

37

polymyalgia

Pain of many muscles.

38

polymyalgia rheumatica

is a syndrome marked by aching and morning stiffness in the shoulder, hip, or neck for longer than 1 month.

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