Chap 2, SYSTEMS Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 2, SYSTEMS > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 2, SYSTEMS Deck (10)
1

Digestive

Mouth, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, intestines (small and large), liver, gallbladder, pancreas.

2

Urinary or excretory

Kidneys, ureters (tubes from the kidneys to the urinary bladder), urinary bladder, urethra (tube from the bladder to the outside of the body).

3

Respiratory

Nose, pharynx, larynx ("voice box"), trachea ("windpipe"), bronchial tubes, lungs (where the exchange of gases takes place).

4

Reproductive

Female: Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus (womb), vagina, mammary glands.

Male: Testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland.

5

Endocrine

Thyroid gland (in the neck), pituitary gland (at the base of the brain), sex glands (ovaries and testes), adrenal glands, pancreas (islets of Langerhans), parathyroid glands.

6

Nervous

Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and collections of nerves.

7

Circulatory

Heart, blood vessels (arteries, veins, and capillaries), lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus gland.

8

Musculoskeletal

Muscles, bones, and joints.

9

Skin and sense organs

Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous (oil) glands; eye, ear, nose, and tongue.

10

Systems

Systems are groups of organs working together to perform complex functions. For example, the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines are organs that do the work of the digestive system to digest food and absorb it into the bloodstream.

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