Chap 13, Blood System, Abbreviations Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology, LOM > Chap 13, Blood System, Abbreviations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 13, Blood System, Abbreviations Deck (47)
1

Ab

antibody

2

ABMT

autologous bone marrow transplantation - patient serves as his or her own donor for stem cells

3

ABO

four main blood types - A, B, AB, and O

4

ALL

acute lymphocytic leukemia

5

AML

acute myelogenous leukemia

6

ANC

absolute neutrophil count - total WBC times a measure of the number of bands and segs present in the blood; an ANC less than 1500 cell/uL is neutropenia

7

ASCT

autologous stem cell transplantation

8

bands

immature white blood cells (granulocytes)

9

baso

basophils

10

BMT

bone marrow transplantation

11

CBC

complete blood count

12

CLL

chronic lymphocytic leukemia

13

CML

chronic myelogenous leukemia

14

DIC

disseminated intravascular coagulation - bleeding disorder marked by reduction in blood clotting factors due to their use and depletion for intravascular clotting

15

diff

differential count (white blood cells)

16

EBV

Epstein_Barr virus; cause of mononucleosis

17

eos

eosinophils

18

EPO

erythropoietin

19

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

20

Fe

iron

21

G-CSF

granulocyte colony-stimulating factor -- promotes neutrophil production

22

GM-CSF

granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor -- promotes myeloid progenitor cells with differentiation to granulocytes

23

g/dL

gram per deciliter (1 deciliter = one tenth of a liter; 1 = liter = 1.057 quarts)

24

GVHD

graft-versus-host disease -- immune reaction of donor's cells to recipient's tissue

25

HCL

hairy cell leukemia -- abnormal lymphocytes accumulate in bone marrow, leading to anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and infection

26

Hct

hematocrit

27

Hgb, HGB

hemoglobin

28

H and H

hemoglobin and hematocrit

29

HLA

human leukocyte antigen

30

IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM

immunoglobulins

31

lymphs

lymphocytes

32

MCH

mean corpuscular hemoglobin -- average amount of hemoglobin per cell

33

MCHC

mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration -- average concentration of hemoglobin in a single red cell; when MCHC is low, the cell is hypochromic

34

MCV

mean corpuscular volume -- average volume or size of a single red blood cell; when MCV is high, the cells are macrocytic, and when low, the cells are microcytic

35

MDS

myelodysplastic syndrome preleukemic condition (anemia, cytopenias, and possible transformation to AML)

36

mm3

cubic millimeter -- one millionth of a liter; 1 liter = 1.057 quarts

37

mono

monocyte

38

polys, PMNs, PMNLs

polymorphonuclear leukocytes; neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils

39

PT, pro time

prothrombin time

40

PTT

partial thromboplastin time

41

RBC

red blood cell; red blood cell count

42

sed rate

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

43

segs

segmented, mature white blood cells (neutrophils)

44

SMAC

Sequential Multiple Analyzer Computer -- an automated chemistry system that determines substances in serum

45

μL

microliter -- one millionth of a liter; 1 liter = 1.057 quarts

46

WBC

white blood cell; white blood cell count

47

WNL

within normal limits

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