Chap 21, Pharmacology, Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap 21, Pharmacology, Terminology Deck (64)
1

aer/o

air

2

aerosol

Particles of drug (in solution) suspended in air. The suffix -sol means solution.

3

alges/o

sensitivity to pain

4

analgesic

Pert. to without sensitivity to pain.

5

bronch/o

bronchial tube

6

bronchodilator

Drug that relaxes the smooth muscle lining bronchial tubes & used to treat asthma, emphysema, & chronic bronchitis. Theophylline is a smooth muscle relaxant used to treat asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.

7

chem/o

drug

8

chemotherapy

Treatment using drugs.

9

cras/o

mixture

10

idiosyncrasy

An unexpected effect of a drug that is peculiar to an individual. Idi/o means individual, peculiar; syn- means together. An idiosyncrasy is an abnormal, unexpected effect of a drug that is peculiar to an individual.

11

cutane/o

skin

12

subcutaneous

Pert. to under the skin.

13

derm/o

skin

14

hypodermic

Pert. to under the skin.

15

erg/o

work

16

synergism

Condition of working together; the drug action in which the combination of two drugs causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone.

17

esthes/o

feeling, sensation

18

anesthesia

Condition of being without nervous sensation.

19

hist/o

tissue

20

antihistamine

Agent that acts against histamine production in the body. Histamine is released as a result of an allergic reaction. The suffix -amine indicates a nitrogen-containing compound.

21

Histamine

is a substance found in all body tissues (it causes capillary dilation and gastric acid secretion and constricts bronchial tube smooth muscles); an excess of histamine is released when the body comes into contact with substances to which it is sensitive.

22

hypn/o

sleep

23

hypnotic

Pert. to a condition of sleep ( a trance-like state).

24

iatr/o

treatment

25

iatrogenic

Pert. to an adverse condition that's caused or produced by a physician or a specific treatment.

26

lingu/o

tongue

27

sublingual

Pert. to under the tongue.

28

myc/o

mold, fungus

29

erythromycin

Antibiotic produced from a red (erythr/o) mold (myc/o).

30

narc/o

stupor

31

narcotic

Pert. to a substance that produces stupor (has a morphine or opium-like action).

32

or/o

mouth

33

oral

Pert. to the mouth.

34

pharmac/o

drug

35

pharmacology

Study of drugs.

36

prurit/o

itching

37

antipruritic

Pert. to an agent that acts to relieve itching.

38

pyret/o

fever

39

antipyretic

Pert. to an agent that acts to relieve fever.

40

thec/o

sheath (of brain & spinal cord)

41

intrathecal

Pert. to within the sheath of membranes surrounding the spinal cord.

42

tox/o

poison

43

toxic

Pert. to poison.

44

toxic/o

poison

45

toxicology

Study of poisons & the harmful effects of drugs)

46

vas/o

vessel

47

vasodilator

Substance that causes blood vessels to widen.

48

ven/o

vein

49

intravenous

Pert. to within a vein.

50

vit/o

life

51

vitamin

A substance in foods that is essential in small quantities for growth and good health (life-giving amines).

52

ana-

upward, excessive, again

53

anaphylaxis

A hypersensitive state of the body to a foreign protein (antigen) or drug; can produce severe symptoms and shock.

54

anti-

against

55

antidote

An agent given to counteract unwanted effect of a drug.

56

antibiotic

A substance that acts against microorganisms, such as bacteria.

57

contra-

against, opposite

58

contraindication

Factor in the patient's condition that prevents the use of a drug or treatment.

59

drug indications

are reasons to prescribe a medication; a bacterial infection may be an indication to prescribe a specific antibiotic.

60

par-

other than, apart from

61

parenteral

Pert to injection of drugs other than through the intestines.

62

enter/o

intestine

63

syn-

together, with

64

synergistic

Pertaining to synergism (the drug action in which the sum of the effects of giving two drugs together is greater than that of giving each drug alone).

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