Flashcards in Chap 21, Pharmacology, Terminology Deck (64)
Particles of drug (in solution) suspended in air. The suffix -sol means solution.
sensitivity to pain
Pert. to without sensitivity to pain.
Drug that relaxes the smooth muscle lining bronchial tubes & used to treat asthma, emphysema, & chronic bronchitis. Theophylline is a smooth muscle relaxant used to treat asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis.
Treatment using drugs.
An unexpected effect of a drug that is peculiar to an individual. Idi/o means individual, peculiar; syn- means together. An idiosyncrasy is an abnormal, unexpected effect of a drug that is peculiar to an individual.
Pert. to under the skin.
Pert. to under the skin.
Condition of working together; the drug action in which the combination of two drugs causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone.
Condition of being without nervous sensation.
Agent that acts against histamine production in the body. Histamine is released as a result of an allergic reaction. The suffix -amine indicates a nitrogen-containing compound.
is a substance found in all body tissues (it causes capillary dilation and gastric acid secretion and constricts bronchial tube smooth muscles); an excess of histamine is released when the body comes into contact with substances to which it is sensitive.
Pert. to a condition of sleep ( a trance-like state).
Pert. to an adverse condition that's caused or produced by a physician or a specific treatment.
Pert. to under the tongue.
Antibiotic produced from a red (erythr/o) mold (myc/o).
Pert. to a substance that produces stupor (has a morphine or opium-like action).
Pert. to the mouth.
Study of drugs.
Pert. to an agent that acts to relieve itching.
Pert. to an agent that acts to relieve fever.
sheath (of brain & spinal cord)
Pert. to within the sheath of membranes surrounding the spinal cord.
Pert. to poison.
Study of poisons & the harmful effects of drugs)
Substance that causes blood vessels to widen.
Pert. to within a vein.
A substance in foods that is essential in small quantities for growth and good health (life-giving amines).
upward, excessive, again
A hypersensitive state of the body to a foreign protein (antigen) or drug; can produce severe symptoms and shock.
An agent given to counteract unwanted effect of a drug.
A substance that acts against microorganisms, such as bacteria.
Factor in the patient's condition that prevents the use of a drug or treatment.
are reasons to prescribe a medication; a bacterial infection may be an indication to prescribe a specific antibiotic.
other than, apart from
Pert to injection of drugs other than through the intestines.