Chap 18, Endocrine System, Major Endocrine Glands: The hormones Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chap 18, Endocrine System, Major Endocrine Glands: The hormones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 18, Endocrine System, Major Endocrine Glands: The hormones Deck (31):
1

Thyroid Hormones

Thyroxine (T4); triiodothyronine (T3); Calcitonin

2

Thyroid Hormones: Thyroxine or tetraiodothyronine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3)

Increases metabolism in body cells

3

Thyroid hormone: Calcitonin

Decreases blood calcium

4

Parathyroids Hormone

Parathyroid hormone or parathormone (PTH)

5

Parathyroids hormone: Parathyroid hormone or parathormone (PTH)

Increases blood calcium

6

Adrenal Cortex Hormones

Cortisol (glucocorticoid), Aldosterone (mineralocorticoid), Androgens, Estrogens (sex hormones)

7

Adrenal Cortex Hormone: Cortisol (glucocorticoid)

Increases blood sugar

8

Adrenal Cortex Hormone: Aldosterone (mineralocorticoid)

Increases reabsorption of sodium

9

Adrenal Cortex Hormone: Androgens (sex hormone)

Secondary sex characteristics

10

Adrenal Cortex Hormone: Estrogens (sex hormone)

Secondary sex characteristics

11

Adrenal Medulla Hormones

Epinephrine (adrenaline), Norepinephrine (noradrenaline)

12

Adrenal Medulla Hormone: Epinephrine (adrenaline)

Sympathomimetic: it raises blood pressure and heart rate and dilates airways.

13

Adrenal Medulla Hormone: Norepinephrine (noradrenaline)

Sympathomimetic: it raises blood pressure and heart rate and dilates airways.

14

Pancreas, Islet Cells Hormones

Insulin, Glucagon

15

Pancreas, Islet Cells Hormone: Insulin

Decreases blood sugar (glucose to glycogen)

16

Pancreas, Islet Cells Hormone: Glucagon

Increases blood sugar (glycogen to glucose)

17

Anterior Pituitary Lobe (Adenohypophysis) Hormones

Growth hormone (GH) (somatotropin); Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH); Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH); Gonadotropins: Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH); Prolactin (PRL)

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Adenohypophysis Hormone: Growth hormone (GH) (somatotropin)

Increases bone and tissue growth

19

Adenohypophysis Hormone: Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

Stimulates thyroid gland and thyroxine secretion

20

Adenohypophysis Hormone: Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

Stimulates adrenal cortex, especially cortisol secretion

21

Adenohypophysis Hormone: Gonadotropins: Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

Oogenesis and spermatogenesis

22

Adenohypophysis Hormone: Luteinizing hormone (LH)

Promotes ovulation; testosterone secretion

23

Adenohypophysis Hormone: Prolactin (PRL)

Promotes growth of breast tissue and milk secretion

24

Posterior Pituitary Lobe (neurohypophysis) Hormones

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (vasopressin); oxytocin

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Neurohypophysis Hormone: Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (vasopressin)

Stimulates reabsorption of water by kidney tubules

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Neurohypophysis Hormone: oxytocin

Stimulates contraction of the uterus during labor and childbirth

27

Ovary Hormones

Estrogens, Progesterone

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Ovary Hormone: Estrogens (estradiol and estrone)

Promote development of ova and female secondary sex characteristics

29

Ovary Hormone: Progesterone

Prepares and maintains the uterus in pregnancy

30

Testes Hormones

Testosterone

31

Testes Hormone: testosterone

Promotes development of sperm and male secondary sex characteristics

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