Chapter 11: Abbreviations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11: Abbreviations Deck (73):
1

AAA

abdominal aortic aneurysm

2

ACE inhibitor

angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor

3

ACLS

advanced cardiac life support; CPR plus drugs and defibrillation

4

ACS

acute coronary syndrom

5

ADP

adenosine diphosphate; ADP blockers are used to prevent cardiovascular-related death, heart attack, and strokes and after all stent procedures

6

AED

automatic external defibrillator

7

AF, a-fib

atrial fibrillation

8

AICD

automatic implantable cardioverter-defribillator

9

AMI

acute myocardial infarcation

10

ARVD

arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia

11

AS

aortic stenosis

12

ASD

arial septal defect

13

AV, A-V

atrioventricular

14

AVR

aortic valve replacement

15

BBB

bundle branch block

16

BNP

brain natriuretic peptide; elevated in congestive heart failure

17

BP

blood pressure

18

CABG

coronary artery bypass grafting

19

CAD

coronary artery disease

20

CCU

coronary care unit

21

Cath

catheterization

22

CHF

congestive heart failure

23

CK

creatine kinase; relased into the bloodstream after injury to the heart or skeletal muscles

24

CoA

coarctation of the aorta

25

CPR

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

26

CRT

cardiac resynchronization therapy; biventricular pacing

27

CTNI or cTnI;
CTCT or cTcT

cardiac troponin-I and cardiac troponin-T;

28

DES

drug-eluting stent

29

DSA

digital subtraction angiography

30

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

31

ECMO

extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

32

ECG or EKG

electrocardiography

33

ECHO

echocardiography

34

EF

ejection fraction; measure of the amount of blood that pumps out of the heart with each beat

35

EPS

electrophysiology study; electrode catheters are inserted into veins and threaded into the heart and electrical conduction is measured (tachycardias are provoked and analyzed)

36

ETT

exercise tolerance test

37

ETT-MIBI

exercise tolerance test combined with a radioactive tracer (sestamibi) scan

38

EVAR

endovascular aneurysm repair

39

HDL

high-density lipoprotein; high blood levels are associated with lower incidence of coronary artery disease

40

HTN

hypertention (high blood pressure)

41

IABP

intra-aortic balloon pump; used to support patients in cardiogenic shock

42

ICD

implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

43

LAD

left anterior descending (coronary artery)

44

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

45

LMWH

low-molecular-weigh heparin

46

LV

left ventricle

47

LVAD

left ventricular assist device

48

LVH

left ventricular hypertrophy

49

MI

myocardial infarction

50

MUGA

multiple-gated acquisition scan; a radioactive test of heart function

51

MVP

mitral valve prolapse

52

NSR

normal sinus rhythm

53

NSTEMI

non-ST elevation myocardial infarction

54

PAC

premature arterial contration

55

PAD

peripheral arterial disease

56

PCI

percutaneous coronary intervention

57

PDA

patent ductus arteriosus; posterior descending artery

58

PE

pulmonary embolus

59

PVC

premature ventricular contraction

60

SA, S-A node

sinoatrial node

61

SCD

sudden cardiac death

62

SOB

shortness of breath

63

SPECT

single photon emission computed tomography; used for myocardial imaging with sestamibi scans

64

STEMI

ST elevation myocardial infarction

65

SVT

supraventricular tachycardia; rapid heartbeats arising from the atria and causing palpitations, SOB, and dizziness

66

TAVR

transcatheter aortic valve replacement

67

TEE

transosophageal echocardiography

68

TEVAR

thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair

69

TGA

transposition of the great arteries

70

tPA

tissue-type plasminogen activator; a drug used to prevent thrombosis

71

UA

unstable angina; chest pain at rest or of increasig frequency

72

VF

ventricular tachycardia

73

WPW

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome; an abnormal ECG pattern often associated with paroxysmal tachycardia

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