Chapter 10: Need to Know Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 10: Need to Know > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10: Need to Know Deck (28):
1

AD

Alzheimer disease

2

ALS

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis--Lou Gehrig disease
lack of ability to communicate with muscles

3

CNS

central nervous system

4

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

5

CVA

cerebrovascular accident

6

EEG

electroencephalography

7

LP

lumbar puncture

8

MS

multiple sclerosis

9

PNS

peripheral nervous system

10

TIA

transient ischemic attack

11

ADL

activities of daily living

12

IADL

independent activities of daily living

13

EDSS

expanded disability status score

14

MCI

mild cognitive impairment
can still ADL and IADL
(activities of daily living)
(independent activities of daily living)

15

moderate

can still ADL but not IADL
(activities of daily living)
(independent activities of daily living)

16

dementia

can not ADL or IADL
(activities of daily living)
(independent activities of daily living)

17

Aricept
memantine

medication used to slowdown Alzheimer's in mild and moderate stages

18

Alzheimer

brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deterioration (dementia), personality changes, and impairment of daily functioning.

19

Palsy

paralysis

20

Parkinson Disease
parkinsonism

degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia, occurring later in life and leading to tremors, weakness of muscles, and slowness of movement

21

epilepsy

chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity

22

petit mal
absence seizure

a form of seizure consisting of momentary clouding of consciousness and loss of awareness of the person's surroundings

23

grand mal
ictal events
tonic-clonic seizures

sudden loss of consciousness, falling down, then tonic contractions

24

cerebrovascular accident

disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain; stroke

25

hemorrhagic

blood vessel breaks and bleeding occurs

26

embolic

an embolus (dislodged thrombus[plaque]) travels to cerebral arteries and occludes a small vessel

27

thrombotic

blood clot in the arteries leading to the brain, resulting in occlusion of the vessel.

28

syncope

syncopal (fainting) event

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