Chapter 12: Need to Know Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 12: Need to Know > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12: Need to Know Deck (52):
1

apex of the lung

tip or uppermost portion of the lung

2

cilia

thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract

3

hilum of the lung

midline region where the bronchi, blood vessel, and nerves enter and exit the lungs

4

mediastinum

region between the lungs in the chest cavity. contains trachea, heart, lymph nodes, aorta, esophagus, bronchial tubes

5

nares

openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities

6

orthopnea

abnormal condition where breathing is easier in the upright position

7

capn/o

carbon dioxide

8

coni/o

dust

9

phon/o

voice

10

phren/o

diaphragm

11

spir/o

breathing

12

tel/o

complete

13

-osmia

smell

14

-sphyxia

pulse

15

-thorax

pleural cavity, chest

16

-ectasis

dilation, widening

17

auscultation

listening to sounds within the body

18

percussion

tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure

19

pleural rub

scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other

20

rales ( crackles)

fine crackling sounds head on auscultation (during inhalation) when there is fluid in the alveoli

21

rhonchi
(singular: rhonchus)

loud rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum

22

sputum

material expelled from the bronchi, lungs or upper respiratory tract by spitting

23

wheezes

continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing

24

epistaxis

nosebleed

25

asthma

chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production

26

atelectasis

collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli

27

emphysema

hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls

28

pneumonia

acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction

29

pulmonary edema

fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles

30

pneumothorax

collection of air in the pleural space

31

bronchoscopy

fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes

32

endotracheal intubation

placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx and trachea to establish airway

33

pulmonary function tests

tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs: airway function, lung volume, and the capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently

34

thoracentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space

35

tuberculin test

determines past or present tuberculous infection based on a positive skin reaction

36

pulmonary embolism (PE)

clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung

37

PPD

purified protein derivative

38

ABGs

arterial blood gases

39

AFB

acid-fast bacilus

40

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

41

C&S

culture and sensitivity

42

CTA

clear to auscultation

43

ICU

intensive care unit

44

LLL

left lower lobe

45

LUL

left upper lobe

46

PE

pulmonary embolism

47

PFTs

pulmonary function tests

48

PND

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

49

PPD

purified protein derivative

50

RLL

right lower lobe

51

TB

tuberculosis

52

RUL

right upper lobe

Decks in Medical Terminology Class (65):