Chapter 7: Need to Know Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 7: Need to Know > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7: Need to Know Deck (33):
1

glomerulonephritis

inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney

2

nephrolithiasis

kidney stones (renal calculi)

3

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma

4

renal failure

decrease in excretion of wastes results from impaired filtration function

5

CKD

chronic kidney disease

6

CRF

chronic renal failure

7

ARF

acute renal failure

8

PKD

polycystic kidney disease

9

DI

diabetes insipidus

10

DM

diabetes mellitus

11

Bladder cancer

malignant tumour of the urinary bladder

12

Wilms tumour

malignant tumour of the kidney occurring in childhood

13

ADH

antidiuretic hormone

14

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

15

blood urea nitrogen

measurement of urea levels in blood

16

diabetes mellitus

insulin is not secreted adequately or tissues are resistant to its effects

17

diabetes insipidus

antidiuretic hormone is not secreted, or there is a resistance of the kidney to ADH

18

polycystic kidney disease

multiple fluid-filled sacs within and on the kidney

19

KUB

kidneys, ureters and bladder

20

kidneys, ureters and bladder

x-ray examination of the kidneys, ureters and bladder

21

RP

retrograde pyelogram

22

retrograde pyelogram

x-ray image of the renal pelvis and ureters after injection of contrast through a urinary catheter into the ureters from the bladder

23

IVP

Intravenous pyelogram

24

Intravenous pyelogram

radiological procedure used to visualize abnormalities in the urinary bladder

25

VCUG

voiding cystourethrogram

26

voiding cystourethrogram

x-ray image of the urinary bladder and urethra obtained while the patient is voiding

27

lithotripsy

urinary tract stones are crushed

28

ESWL

extracorpereal shock wave lithotripsy

29

urinary catheterization

passage of a flexible, tubular instrument through the urethra into the urinary bladder

30

C&S

culture and sensitivity

31

eGFR

estimated glomerular filtration rate

32

UA

urinalysis

33

UTI

urinary tract infection

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