Chapters: 16, 5+6, 11 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapters: 16, 5+6, 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters: 16, 5+6, 11 Deck (49):
1

epidermis

outer most layer, containing keratin, composed of squamous epithelium

2

dermis

middle layer of skin, containing collagen

3

subcutaneous layer

innermost layer of skin, fat containing tissue

4

collagen

protein found in connective tissue

5

integumentary system

skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails

6

squamous epithelium

composing the epidermis

7

erosion

wearing away or loss of epidermis

8

fissure

groove or crack-like sore

9

polyp

growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane

10

vesicle

blister

11

ecchymosis
ecchymoses

bluish-purplish mark (bruise) on the skin

12

petechia
petechiae

small pinpoint hemorrhage

13

urticaria (hives)

acute allergic reaction in which red, round wheals develop

14

cellulitis

diffuse, acute infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain and swelling

15

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

autoimmune disease of collagen in the skin, joints and internal organs

16

keratosis

thickened epidermis

17

squamous cell carcinoma

malignant tumour of the squamous epithelial cells in the epidermis

18

PUVA

A light therapy, treatment for psoriasis

19

bucc/o

cheeck

20

cec/o

cecum

21

celi/o

belly, abdomen

22

cheil/o

lip

23

labi/o

lip

24

lower esophageal sphincter (LES)

ring of muscles between the esophagus and stomach. also called cardiac sphincter

25

bilirubin

pigment in bile

26

curettage

use of a sharp dermal curette to scrape away a skin

27

Bx

biopsy

28

Derm

dermatology

29

choleduch/o

common bileduct

30

dent/i

tooth

31

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

32

hematochezia

passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum

33

jaundice

yellow-orange colouration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood (hyperbiliruninemia)

34

melena

black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood

35

achalsia

failure of the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) muscle to relax

36

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach

37

hernia

protrusion of an organ or parth through the muscle normally containing it

38

untussusception

telescoping of intestines

39

volvulus

twisting of the intestine on itself

40

cirrhosis

chronic degenerative disease of the liver

41

ptysis

spitting

42

proct/o

anus and rectum

43

liver function tests (LFTs)

tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in blood

44

lower gastrointestinal series

x-ray images of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum

45

upper gastrointestinal series

x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine obtained after administering barium by mouth

46

laparoscopy

visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen with a laparoscope

47

BE

barium enema

48

BM

bowel movement

49

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

Decks in Medical Terminology Class (65):