Chapter 5: Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5: Pathology Deck (48):
1

anorexia

lack of appetite

2

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

3

borborygmus
(borborygmi)

rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid or both in gastrointestinal tract

4

constipation

difficulty in passing stools

5

diarrhea

frequent passage of loose, watery stools

6

dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

7

eructation (belching)

gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth

8

flatus (flatulence)

gas expelled through the anus

9

jaundice (icterus)

yellow-orange colouration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood

10

melena

black tarry stools; feces containing digested blood

11

nausea

unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated with a tendency to vomit

12

steatorrhea

fat in the feces; foul-smelling fecal matter

13

aphthous stomatitis (canker sores)

inflammation of the mouth with small painful ulcers

14

dental caries (dental plaque)

tooth decay

15

herpetic stomatitis (fever blisters or cold sores)

inflammation of the mouth caused by infection with the herpesvirus

16

oral leukoplakia

white plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth

17

periodontal disease (gingivitis)

inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth and surrounding bone

18

achalasia

failure of the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) muscle to relax

19

esophageal cancer

malignant tumour of the esophagus

20

esophageal varices

swollen, varicose veins at teh lower end of the esophagus

21

gastric cancer

malignant tumour of the stomach

22

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

23

gastroesophageal reflux disease (heartburn)

solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach

24

hernia

protrusion of an organ or part through the tissues and muscles normally containing it

25

hiatal hernia

upper body of the stomach protrudes upward through the diaphragm

26

inguinal hernia

small loop of bowel protrudes through a weak lower abdominal wall tissue surrounding muscles

27

peptic ulcer

open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum

28

anal fistula

abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus

29

colonic polyps

polyps protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon

30

colorectal cancer

adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, or both

31

Crohn disease ("Crohn's")

chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract

32

IBD

inflammatory bowel disease

33

diverticulosis

abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall of the colon

34

dysentery

painful, inflamed intestines commonly caused by bacterial infection

35

hemorrhoids

swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region

36

ileus

loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines

37

paralytic ileus

acute, transient loss of peristalsis

38

inflammatory bowel disease

inflammation of the colon and small intestine

39

intussusception

telescoping of the intestines

40

irritable bowel syndrome
irritable colon or spastic colon

group of GI symptoms, but without abnormalities in the intestines

41

ulcerative colitis

chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers

42

volvulus

twisting of the intestine on itself

43

IBS

irritable bowel syndrome

44

cholelithiasis

gallstones in the gallbladder

45

cirrhosis

chronic degenerative disease of the liver

46

pancreatic cancer

malignant tumour of the pancreas

47

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

48

viral hepatitis

inflammation of the liver caused by a virus

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