Chapter 9: Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 9: Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9: Vocabulary Deck (25):
1

bulbourethral glands

pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra. they secrete fluid into the urethra.
also called Cowper glands

2

ejaculation

ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra

3

ejaculatory duct

tube through which semen enters the male urethra

4

epididymis
plural: epididymides

one of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes above each testis. it stores and carries sperm from seminiferous tubules to the vas deferens

5

erectile dysfunction

inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence

6

flagellum

hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile

7

fraternal twins

two infants resulting from fertilization of two separate ova by two separate sperm cells

8

glans penis

sensitive tip of the penis; comparable to the clitoris in the female

9

identical twins

two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos

10

interstitial cells of the testes

specialized cells that lie adjacent to the seminiferous tubules in the testes. these cells produce testosterone and are also called leydig cells

11

parenchymal tissue

essential distinctive cells of an organ. in the testis, the seminiferous tubules that produce sperm are parenchymal

12

penis

male external organ of reproduction

13

perineum

external region between the anus and scrotum in the male

14

prepuce

foreskin; fold of skin covering the tip of the penis

15

prostate gland

exocrine gland at the base of the male urinary bladder. the prostate secretes one of the fluid parts of semen into the urethra during ejaculation

16

scrotum

external sac that contains the testes

17

semen

spermatozoa and seminal fluid, discharged from the urethra during ejaculation

18

seminal vesicles

paired sac-like exocrine glands that secrete fluid into the vas deferens

19

seminiferous tubules

narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes

20

spermatozoon
plural: spermatozoa

sperm cell

21

sterilization

procedure that removes a person's ability to produce or release reproductive cells; removal of testicles, vasectomy, and oophorectomy are sterilization procedures

22

stromal tissue

supportive, connective tissue of an organ, as distinguished from its parenchyma. also called stroma

23

testis
plural: testes

male gonad that produces spermatozoa and the hormone testosterone

24

testosterone

hormone secreted by teh interstitial tissue of the testes

25

vas deferens

narrow tube (one of each side) carrying sperm from the epididymis toward the urethra. also called ductus deferens

Decks in Medical Terminology Class (65):