Chapter 17: Ear Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17: Ear Pathology Deck (13):
1

acoustic neuroma

benign tumour arising from the acoustic vestibulocochlear nerve (eighth cranial nerve) in the brain

2

cholesteatoma

collection of skin cells and cholesterol in a sac within the middle ear

3

deafness

loss of the ability to hear

4

Meniere disease

Disorder of the labyrinth of the inner ear; elevated endolymph pressure within the cochlea (cochlear hydrops) and semicicular canals (vestibular hydrops)

5

otitis media

inflammation of the middle ear

6

otosclerosis

hardening of the bony tissue of the middle ear

7

tinnitus

sensation of noises (ringing, buzzing, whistling, booming) in the ears

8

vertigo

sensation of irregular or whirling motion either of oneself or of external objects

9

audiometry

testing the sense of hearing

10

cochlear implant procedure

surgical insertion of a device that allows sensorineural hearing-impaired persons to understand speech

11

ear thermometry

measurement of the temperature of the tympanic membrane by detection of infrared radiation from the eardrum

12

otoscopy

visual examination of the ear canal with an otoscope

13

tuning fork test

test of ear conduction using a vibration source (tuning fork)

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