Chapter 18: Need to Know Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18: Need to Know Deck (40):
1

goiter

enlargement of the thyroid gland, due to lack of iodine

2

hyperthyroidism

overactivity of the thyroid gland; thyrotoxicosis
example: Graves disease

3

hypothyroidism

underactivity of the thyroid gland

4

myxedema

advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood

5

cretinism

extreme hypotbyroidism during infancy and childhood

6

hypoparathyroidism

deficient production of parathyroid hormone

7

hyperparathyroidism

excessive production of parathormone

8

tetany

constant muscle contraction

9

hirsutism

excessive hair on the face or body

10

Addison disease

hypofuctioning of the adrenal cortex

11

diabetes mellitus

lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar, starch, and fat metabolism in cells

12

ketoacidosis

fats are improperly burned, leading to an accumulation of ketones and acids in the body

13

acromegaly

hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary after puberty, leading to enlargement of extremities

14

gigantism

hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary before puberty, leading to abnormal overgrowth of body tissues

15

dwarfism

congenital hyposecretion of growth hormone; hypopituitary dwarfism

16

panhypopituitarism

deficiency of all pituitary hormones

17

diabetes insipidus

insufficient secretion of antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin)

18

exophthalmometry

measurement of eyeball protrusion with an exophthalmometer

19

thyroid scan

scanner detects radioactivity and visualizes the thyroid gland

20

thyroid function tests

measurement of T3, T4, and TSH in the bloodstream

21

ACTH

adrenocorticotropin hormone

22

ADH

antidiuretic hormone--vasopressin

23

DI

diabetes insipidus

24

DM

diabetes mellitus

25

FBG

fasting blood glucose

26

FBS

fasting blood sugar

27

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone

28

GH

growth hormone

29

GTT

glucose tolerance test--measures ability to respond to a glucose load; a test for diabetes

30

HbA1C
or HBA1C

test for the presence of glucose attached to hemoglobin (glycosylated hemoglobin test); a high level indicates poor glucose control in diabetic patients

31

hCG or HCG

human chorionic gonadotropin

32

IDDM

insulin dependent diabetes mellitus

33

LH

luteinizing hormone

34

NIDDM

non-insulin diabetes mellitus

35

OT
OXT

oxytocin

36

PRL

prolactin

37

PTH

parathyroid hormone (parathormone)

38

T3

triiodothyronine

39

T4

thyroxine--tetraiodothyronine

40

TSH

thyroid-stimulating hormone--secreted by the anterior pituitary gland

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