Chapter 8: Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 8: Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8: Vocabulary Deck (52):
1

adnexae uteri

fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments

2

amnion

innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus

3

areola

dark-pigmented area surrounding breast nipple

4

Bartholin glands

small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice

5

cervix

lower, neck-like portion of the uterus

6

chorion

outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo

7

clitoris

organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra

8

coitus

sexual intercourse

9

corpus luteum

empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell

10

cul-de-sac

region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus

11

embryo

stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks

12

endometrium

inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus

13

estrogen

hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics

14

fallopian tube

one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus; also called an oviduct

15

fertilization

union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops

16

fetus

stage in prenatal development from 8 to 39 or 40 weeks

17

fimbriae
singular: fimbria

finger- or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes

18

follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell

19

gamate

male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum

20

genitalia

reproductive organs; also called genitals

21

gestation

period from fertilization of the ovum to birth

22

gonad

female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary or testis

23

gynecology

study of the female reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary or testis

24

human chorionic gonadotropin

hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone

25

hymen

mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina

26

labia

kips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips

27

lactiferous ducts

tubes that carry milk within the breast

28

luteinizing hormone

secreted by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation

29

mammary papilla

nipple of the breast

30

menarche

beginning of the first menstrual period and ability to reproduce

31

menopause

gradual ending of menstruation

32

menstruation

monthly shedding of the uterine lining. the flow of blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation is called the menses

33

myometrium

muscle layer of the uterus

34

neonatology

branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn

35

obstetrics

branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth

36

orifice

an opening

37

ovarian follicle

developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary

38

ovary

one of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis

39

ovulation

release of the ovum from the ovary

40

ovum
plural: ova

mature egg cell. ova develop from immature egg cells called oocytes

41

parturition

act of giving birth

42

perineum

in females, the area between the anus and the vagina

43

pituitary gland

endocrine gland at the base of the brain. it produces hormones that stimulate the ovaries. the pituitary gland also regulates other endocrine organs

44

placenta

vascular organ attached to the uterine wall during pregnancy. it permits the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products between mother and fetus

45

pregnancy

condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus for about 40 weeks

46

progesterone

hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women

47

puberty

point in life cycle at which secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced

48

uterine serosa

outermost layer surrounding the uterus

49

uterus

hollow, pear shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop and from which menstruation occurs

50

vagina

muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body

51

vulva

external female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris and vaginal orifice

52

zygote

stage in prenatal development from fertilization and implantation up to 2 weeks

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